ARS general assembly elections
Romanian Association of Sanitation (ARS), employers and professional association, unique in the field, with national and international recognition, ISWA national member - International Solid Waste Association and FEAD - European Federation of Waste Management and Environmental Services, which this year celebrates 15 years of uninterrupted waste management activity, held Thursday, September 4, 2014, the General Assembly Election during which they established the new management bodies for the 2014-2016 period.
The main topics of the agenda were the following:
At this important meeting, for those who work in the field of waste management, recycling companies, transfer of responsibility organizations, companies and representatives of manufacturers of equipment, machinery and specialized equipment, design institutes, research and consultant companies, specialists and experts, were also present alongside sanitation operators.
With respect to action plan for 2014 - 2018, ARS will continue to promote and develop sustainable and professional waste management in Romania and will achieves its mission through:
The new elected President of the association is Mr. Dumitru Mihalache, who previously held the position of Chairman of the Employers in "sanitation" and in the Board of Directors were elected 17 members, including the Chairman of the Technical - Scientific Comitee, dr. Alexei Atudorei, which is a member of ISWA Board as representative of ISWA RDN Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediteraneean.
Project initiated by Eco-Rom Ambalaje
Eco-Rom Ambalaje - the largest Romanian organization for taking over the obligation of recycling and recovery of packaging waste for the economic agents - designated the The Recycling City 2014 in Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe Municipality won the great "recycling battle" by being the city that achieved the highest score at the final evaluation, thus demonstrating that it has the most performing system of separate collection of packaging waste of the 32 participating cities.
The project initiated by Eco-Rom Ambalaje, under the aegis of the Romanian Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, was addressed to the local municipalities and took place between January 1st and June 30, 2014.
The evaluation criteria for the participating cities were: the quality of the separate collection of packaging waste service (meaning the public access to the colored containers, their appearance and the correctness of separating the waste in each container), the amount of packaging waste collected separately and the awareness campaigns for the population regarding the importance of separate waste collection for recycling.
It looks like, once again, the international model of separate collection of waste as close as possible to home - through colored containers or bags - proves its efficiency. After the second edition of the project, the local authorities are more involved in the service and the Romanians begin to perceive the separate collection gesture as a simple and normal habit.said Sorin Cristian Popescu, CEO Eco-Rom Ambalaje
Along with obtain the title of "The Recycling City", Sfantu Gheorghe also won the grand prize: an eco Wi-Fi area, a unique space for relaxation, 100% eco and with free internet access.
During the competition, over 6.700 tons of packaging waste were collected separately, of which 2.700 tons of plastic, over 3.500 tons of paper, 500 tons of glass and 30 tons of metal. Through this project, 40% of the population - more than 4 million Romanians from the 32 municipalities involved - found out about the importance of recycling, having acces to over 7,000 colored containers to separate their packaging waste.
However the awards did not stop here. Each participating city was performant at at least one of the three evaluation criteria and won special prizes, in order to motivate them to continue the fight for the development of the national separate collection and recycling of waste system.
The project was supported by the Association of Municipalities of Romania and the Institute for Public Policy.
More details about the competition "The Recycling City" and information on the separate collection of packaging waste in Romania can be found by visiting the website: ColecteazaSelectiv.ro .
The workshop was attended by over 60 experts and 20 lecturers
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), ISWA-Regional Development Network Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean (ISWA-RDN) and Extended Producer Responsibility Alliance (EXPRA) organized in Bucharest, Romania on October, 9th, a common workshop on "Challenges to separate collection systems for different waste streams - barriers and opportunities".
In the light of the proposed by the European Commission increased recycling targets, as part of the Circular Economy Package, the problem that certain valuable packaging is disappearing or even not reaching the established collection infrastructure of municipalities and compliance schemes, gains major importance. The higher the prices for secondary raw material are, more material is disappearing, which makes it more and more difficult to finance the infrastructure and to reach recycling targets.
The workshop was focused on the relation between regular collection of valuable parts of the waste stream and the informal sector and offered a platform to exchange experiences on the effects of this problem as well as possible solutions.
The workshop was attended by over 60 experts and 20 lecturers from ISWA (Mr. Gerfiried Habenicht, Mr. Helmut Stadler), RDN (Mr. Alexei Atudorei), EXPRA (Mr. Joachim Quoden) and EXPRA members from Turkey, Greece, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Serbia and from the University of Natural Resources (Vienna, Austria), UNESCO – IHE (Delft, Netherlands) and DANONE (France).
The separate collection of packaging waste is defined as a specific collection system that allows recoverable materials in waste to be separated. Various solutions for separate collection have emerged in order to fulfill all the objectives stipulated by legislation and local authorities in various countries for the recovery of packaging waste and the EU is seeking to harmonise national measures concerning packaging management and packaging waste to provide a high level of environmental protection and to ensure the functioning of the internal market.
On average, Europeans generate just over 500 kilograms of municipal waste per person per year (approximately 25-30% of household waste generated in Europe is packaging waste).
The approach for managing this waste varies across the EU Member States, as do the performances. In order to contribute to enhanced waste management performances across the EU, the EU has several pieces of waste legislation in place and these are, for companies that are taking the responsibility of producers (EXPRA members) the two key pieces of waste legislation: Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive as well as the Waste Framework Directive.
ISWA's declared mission is "To Promote and Develop Sustainable and Professional Waste Management Worldwide" and is being achieved through:
EXPRA's mission is:
Two of ISWA-RDN important missions are:
As a result, all three entities have common missions, and thus, organized together the workshop. EXPRA members (ex. EcoRom Ambalaje, Romania) have set-up a trilateral business model with the following components:
This trilateral business model is a leading engine of the process and is based on self-assessment: continuous and relevant quantity measurements for the processed materials, financial costs and behavioral changes.
The human factor is very important in the separate collection, as the citizen now plays an active rather than a passive role as a processor of materials at source. All the lecturers emphasized that currently, compared to the designed and implemented systems, the situation has changed (legal, technical, economic, environmental and social terms) and the informal sector represents a problem in reaching the targets and maintaining the sustainability of the implemented systems.
The main causes of the phenomenon are:
The informal waste sector is defined as:
Individuals or enterprises who are involved in private sector recycling and waste management activities which are not sponsored, financed, recognised, supported, organised or acknowledged by the formal solid waste authorities, or which operate in violation of or in competition with formal authorities.Scheinberg et al. (2010)
It is estimated that about 20 million people around the world depend on informal recycling of the municipal waste (1 million in Europe), about the same percent as the total employed in the formal waste industry sector.
The main cause is poverty and this is a broader development issue that has to be properly addressed, not just for the SWM sector.
In many developing countries, the informal recycling sector achieves notable rates (ex. cartoneros in Argentina, pepenadores in Mexico, the Roma ethnicity people and some emigrants in Europe, aso.). However, the poor working conditions, child labour and uncontrolled dumping of residual wastes are neither environmentally or socially acceptable and undermine the position of the formal, legitimate waste industry.
The most important impacts of the informal sector activities are:
Therefore, a sustainable approach to be addressed by the present situation has to be developed and pursued.
In order to do this, there is a need for information, or this information is not conclusive (even in Europe) because:
The conclusion of the workshop is that there are solutions to reduce the impact of informal sector and for reaching the targets on packaging waste, through:
There is need for legal instruments (ex. to establish the responsibilities and limits of action for different stakeholders), economic instruments (ex. to motivate citizens to separate household waste using the Pay As You Throw System - PAYT) and administrative instruments (ex. enforcement).
The integration of the informal sector into the formal sector should be done step-by-step during a transition period (adapted time periods for each country), because of the key challenges (ex. safe working conditions, facilitating social acceptability, and elimination of child labour, environmental control) and solutions.
The course was organized between October 1st and October 5th
Romanian Association for Sanitation, ISWA National Member, and ISWA-NDR Organized the first training course on waste management projects.
The course was organized between October 1st and October 5th in a national program authorized by CNFPA / ANC and participants received graduation certificates recognized by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection and the Ministry of Research and Innovation (COR code 242101).
Participants were from waste management field and during these five days they have specialized in waste management in general and in project management specific to implementing integrated solid waste management systems.
The main subjects covered by the seminar were:
During the course a number of documents elaborated by ISWA have been used (ex. Solid Waste - Guidelines for Successful Planning, Waste Prevention, Waste Minimization and Resource Management - ISWA Key Issue Paper, Landfill Operational Guidelines 2nd Edition, ISWA Guidelines: Waste to Energy in Low and Middle Income Countries, ISWA Key Issue Paper on Landfill Aftercare).
This year's course was attended by experts from Romania but next year's plans are to invite experts from associations affiliated to RDN.
has established different Regional Development Networks (RDN) to more effectively reach regions outside of its traditionally strong areas (i.e. Western Europe and North America).
The's aim is to promote sustainable waste management by carrying out activities and developing programs that focus on their regions special needs and challenges.
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