ROMANIA

ISWA Romania is rebranding

CHANGES AT ISWA ROMANIA
Starting with 1st of August 2015

Starting with 1st of August 2015, ISWA Romania is rebranding according to the decision of General Assembly of ARS from September 2014 and legalized through Decision of the Court of 4 District (Bucharest).

The new title of the association is ROMANIAN ASSOCIATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT - RAWM (in Romanian: Asociația Română pentru Managementul Deșeurilor – A.R.M.D.).

The decision of the General Assembly came as a result of the development of the waste management industry which is not just about sanitation, but about more complex processes best defined as circular economy.

The new brand is a natural consequence of the efforts of ARS from the past 15 years to implement in Romania an effective waste management system and the change is only an update to the concerns of the association to support its members to meet the new requirements of the European Union to progress toward circular economy.

The rebranding gives the possibility of enlarging the coverage of our organization within the industry and, hence, getting new members.

Sanitation is just a branch of the waste industry. Collection, MBT, recycling, incineration and landfilling are activities that can only coexist and sanitation sector development cannot be achieved without all companies that are operating throughout the value chain. Therefore, the association sought to expand approaching new fields and economic sectors related to sanitation activities with the aim to update to the new global trends.

The new title of ROMANIAN ASSOCIATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT - RAWM is not just rebranding, but the enlargement the coverage of the association.

Check the website for more information: armd.ro

Visit at Albota Center

Visit of a delegation from Azerbaijan in Romania

Development of National Solid Waste Management Strategy, of Feasibility Studies and Regional Investments Plans for the Republic of Azerbaijan is the task of Ministry of Economy and Industry. The project started in December 2014 and is currently ongoing.
A special team, Project Management Team (PMT), which includes all needed experts (waste management, environmental protection, institutional, legal public awareness, financial, etc.) was put in place for this activity.
The goal of the project is to establish the basis for future investments, objectives, activities and performance targets for SWM service delivery.

This National Strategy is intended to include collection, recovery, treatment and disposal processes for the various solid waste streams generated throughout the country.
The National Strategy will primarily focus on the management of general domestic solid waste including mixed municipal waste from households, commercial and industrial waste, garden and park waste, construction & demolition (C&D) waste and street sweepings.

The Government’s strategic objectives regarding solid waste management are mainly:

  •   Gradual alignment and harmonization of Azerbaijani waste management policies and legislation with European Union (EU) legislation and standards;
  •   Placing SWM in Greater Baku region (and eventually throughout the country) on a more environmentally sustainable footing by:
    (i) taking steps to limit the amount of solid waste generated;
    (ii) adopting environmentally sound methods and systems for managing solid wastes; and
    (iii) recovering value from the wastes generated where technically feasible and economically viable.
  •   Improving the quality and extending the coverage of SWM services throughout Greater Baku region;
  •   Improving the financial sustainability of SWM infrastructure and services by:
    (i) using available resources more cost-effectively; and
    (ii) gradually applying and reflecting the “Polluter Pays Principle” in the fees /charges for SWM services.

The Project consists of two main phases:

  •   Phase 1 will comprise: a) baseline evaluation - data collection and analysis in two regions and eleven pilot representative areas in all geographical regions of Azerbaijan to be selected by the Client at the beginning of this Consultancy, and b) development and presentation of National Strategy Concept Paper providing detailed main and alternative development and implementation approaches for accomplishing the objectives of the National Strategy.
  •   Phase 2 will comprise: preparation of Regional Investment Plans for two regions of Azerbaijan (to be selected by the Client at the beginning of this Consultancy), including Feasibility Studies and Phased Roll Out Plans and Development of National Solid Waste Management Strategy and Action Plans.

The project includes technical visits and training courses for members of PIU.
ISWA-RDN representative, Mr. Alexei Atudorei, has been contacted by PIU Director and asked to organize a training course and technical visits for four members of PMT: Mr. Hidayet Abdullayev Deputy director; Mr. Faig Sadigov - Environmental and waste management specialist; Huseyngulu Ismayilov – procurement specialist; Emil Huseynov - financial specialist.

Visit of delegation was organized together with Romanian Association for Waste Management, ISWA Romania, in the between 4th and 11th October 2015 and included meetings with ISWA Romania Board, ISWA Romania members (ex. KLARWIN, company specialized in leachate treatment and landfill gas collection and energy recovery), representatives of Romanian Environmental Fund (Mr. Nicolae Neacsu, Vice-president), JASPERS representative (Mr. Jean Tilly), planning expert (Mr. Alexei Atudorei), legal and institutional expert (Mr. Calin Trelea), etc. and technical visits. Technical visits were organized at a county center for integrated waste management (Albota, Arges County, 620,000 inhabitants) and at a very important Romanian recycling company (Green Group SA Romania).

Construction of Albota center for integrated waste management was co-financed by EU, through ISPA and SOP Programs and the activities started in 2010.
The facilities of Albota Center are:
i) ecological landfill (cell 1) – capacity for disposal – 750,000 cm;
ii) sorting plant for packaging waste;
iii) composting plant;
iv) platform for treatment of construction and demolition waste;
v) system for collection and burning (flame) of landfill gas;
vi) leachate treatment plant;
vii) green point for storage of hazardous waste generated by population;
viii) utilities.
During the visit a plethora of information was presented to the members of the delegation: designed and present quantities of waste managed in the Center (in 2014 the quantities of waste disposed was with approximately 20% under the designed capacity of landfill), monitoring system for operation and environmental protection, operational issues and technical solutions adopted for improving the “quality” of sorted materials and compost, etc.

Green Group is very active not only in Romania but also in Balkans Region.
Greentech MK Skopje, Macedonia, was established in 2007 and developed into a leading company on Macedonian market of plastic waste recycling. The company has 55 employees.
The factory capacity in producing granules from polyethylene and polypropylene waste is 200 tons per month and 500 tons per month for PET bottles treatment. The City of Skopje awarded GRINTEH MK as „The Most Ecological Company“ in 2009.

Greentech Novi Sad, Serbia, is the leader in Serbia in recycling PET bottles.
The company employs 50 workers and from its existence since 2005 has been continuously developing the production technology and spreading the supply network throughout Serbia.
The factory, with a monthly capacity of 600 tons, is located in Mledonovo-Backa Palanka. Greentech is a socially responsible company, engaged in promoting the importance of recycling and educating citizens, particularly children and youth, through campaigns and promotions. Greentech Novi Sad has been awarded several times for its contribution in environmental protection.

Technical visit at Green Group, industrial park recycling Buzau, Romania, has been supported by Mr. Constantin Damov, co-owner of Green Group SA Romania.

Three facilities of Green Group were visited in Buzau:

  • 1.  GreenWEEE International SA GreenWEEE is the biggest integrated treatment plant for electric and electronic equipment waste (WEEE) in Romania and one of the most modern in Europe; investment costs are 10,000,000 Euro and treatment capacity is 50,000 tones WEE/year;
  • 2.  GreenLamp Recycling SA Greenlamp Recycling is the only recycler in Romania that uses an in-house distillation process in order to separate Fluorescent tubes components and other discharge lamps, such high intensity discharge lamps (HID). By using the Superior Distiller, can recover the mercury residuals form the phosphor powder;
  • 3.  GreenFiber International SA GreenFiber manufactures a high standard quality of polyester staple fibers from 100% recycled PET flakes, being able to substitute virgin fibers and providing advanced solutions in a wide range of applications.

Members of the delegation were pleased with the results of their visit in Romania and sent letters of gratitude to ISWA-RDN and ISWA Romania saying: “The study tour was very interesting and informative. Each member of the visiting group feels the visit was quite valuable and we are glad to have had the opportunity for visiting Albota Center and Green Group Recycling Park in Buzau.”

Cooperation between ISWA-RDN, ISWA Romania and entities from Azerbaijan involved in waste management will continue in the future.
A delegation of Tamiz Shahar JSC, ISWA Gold Member, will visit Romania in the last week of November 2015.

A new study on E-waste has been elaborated by United Nations University (UNU-IAS), Ecotic Romania and Norway Grants with the support of Innovation Norway.

Quantifying waste of electric and electronic equipment
in ROMANIA

In 2012, the European Parliament approved the text of the new WEEE Directive, including a new ambitious collection target for each Member State.
By 2012, for example, Romania must collect 65% of the three previous years’ annual average of electrical and electronic equipments (EEE) placed on the market (PoM) or 85% of the annual average of WEEE generated.

In 2012, the reported amount of WEEE collected in Romania was 23 Kt, or 1.2 kg/person. Considering the officially report amount of EEE PoM in the three preceding year (2009 to 2011), at 65% collection target amounts to 8.7 Kt, or 4.4 kg/person.

This clearly highlights substantial room for improvement in the collection system to meet the future challenging targets.

This study, for the first time in Romania, provides evidence that will support the development of more accurate future collection targets and methods of quantifying household WEEE generated. The study also highlights consumers’ WEEE disposal habits, attitudes and activities outside of officially reported collection and recycling.

A combination of a detailed reconstruction of a long times series of PoM data for different types of EEE, the quantification of the accumulated EEE stocks in households and the creation of lifespan profiles for various EEE has enabled the formulation of reliable estimates of WEEE annually generated in Romania according to the common methodology developed by UNU for DG Environment in 2014.

The different WEEE streams have been analyzed taking into account the different discard channels, in order to highlight key aspects of WEEE collection and management to which legislators must pay particular attention in the definition of future strategies for achieving WEEE collection targets.

This report outlines the methodology that led to the construction of three pillars used to calculate WEEE generated: EEE PoM, household stocks and lifespan profiles. The report also discusses in more detail key aspects related to each waste stream and disposal channel in order to support policies and practices aimed at achieving upcoming Romania’s WEEE collection targets.

The figures, data analyses and results in this report point toward general conclusions for the improvement of WEEE collection across Romania in order to ensure that future targets can be meet:

  •   Proper tacking of PoM is paramount; this is not only relevant from a compliance perspective according to Article 16 of the WEEE Directive and related financial obligations; it is also fundamental to allow country to monitor its overall performances; from 2016 on, PoM data will serve as a basis for the calculation of collection targets, and in the future, PoM data may also became a fundamental input for WG estimates if Romania opts for this alternative from 2021;
  •   Future data quality can be improved, particularly by focusing on key products; currently, those products are washing machines, refrigerators, CTR displays, flat panel displays and vacuum cleaners;
  •   Lifetime profiles have been created for each UNU-KEY and stocks of EEE in Romanian household; expanding the sample size and extending the survey to non-household EEE can improve the comprehensiveness and utility of these profiles; in order to tack changes in consumers’ WEEE disposal behavior, the size and state of household EEE stocks and the share of household appliances that are or are not in use, consumer surveys should be repeated on a regular basis; one of the key elements supporting the shift from original WEEE Directive timeline for the collection targets was the lack of collection infrastructure; this might increase the share of WEEE that either ends up as unsorted municipal waste or collected by informal street collectors, particularly in remote areas, which undermines the total collected quantities;
  •   The amount of WEEE available for proper collection and treatment is only a small share (20% or 70 Kt) compared to the total amount arising for the household products included in the study (estimated at 156 Kt in 2015); without taking into account the share (22% of 33 Kt) that consumers reported to hand over to relatives, friends or others (reuse or preparation for reuse), the great majority of flows are unaccounted for; consumer awareness is a key element to tackle, the share of WEEE generated collected by informal collectors, disposed on waste bins or for which users do not remember discarding represent the biggest threat to meeting collection targets;
  •   Sub-standard treatment for WEEE collected by informal sectors or eventually in non-dedicated plants and the subsequent loss of natural resources are major environmental and social concerns; an increase in the amount collected cannot be de-coupled from a proper treatment in line with applicable standards, including voluntary approaches like WEEELABEX.

 

Mr. Valentin Negoita, ECOTIC President mesage:
„The study is conducted by ECOTIC, but is not just for us. I consider this study as a common resource and we will provide him to all the stakeholders (from political to operational). After all we have a common goal, whether we speak of the Ministry Of Environment, the producers or the local administration.“

 

ECOTIC is Romania’s first scheme of producers and importers of electric and electronic equipment (EEE), set up in 2006 with the goal of improving the efficiency, unity and synchronicity of participants in fulfilling their common environmental responsibilities towards collection and recycling of Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE).

Check the website for more information: www.ecotic.ro/en

National symposium has been organized at Geoagiu Bai by Hunedoara County

National symposium on integrated waste management
18/20 November 2015

In the period 18/20 of November, a national symposium has been organized at Geoagiu Bai by Hunedoara County and Intercommunity Development Association (IDA), with technical and financial support of ISWA-RDN, Romanian ISWA Gold and Silver Members (EcoROM Ambalaje, Euriteh and Klarwin) and Romanian Association for Waste Management (Adarco Invest).

he topic was “Issues and Solutions for Implementation of Regional Integrated Municipal Waste Management in Romania” and the symposium works were attended by over 90 people from central administration, municipalities, representatives from 19 counties (IDA), companies involved in construction, equipment manufacturers, aso.

In November, 18, it was organized a technical visit at two facilities for ISWM in Hunedoara County:

  •   County Center for ISWM, Bircea Mare (sorting plant - 29.414 t/y, MBT plant - 82.379 t/y, sanitary landfill – 111.200 t/y);
  •   Sorting and transfer Center for ISWM, Petrosani (sorting - 15.980 t/y, transfer - 42.571 t/y).

The symposium works were opened by Mr. David Adrian Nicolae, President of Hunedoara County Council, Mr. Sorin Vasilescu, Prefect of Hunedoara County, Mrs. Vetuta Stanescu, Vice-president of Hunedoara County Council and president of IDA Hunedoara and Mr. Ioan Prip, Director of IDA Hunedoara.

„The works for the construction of facilities and procurement of equipments were completed, total investment costs are 70,636,566 Euro, with a grant of 43,952,526 Euro from EU, but the system will be put into operation after completion of the tender procedures and we have to elaborate very clear, complete and detailed ToR for the operation of the system“
   —  said Mr. David Adrian Nicolae.

During the symposium it was organized a meeting of representatives from 18 IDA’s counties and important issues in implementation and operation of ISWM systems have been discussed, including the landfill tax that will be implemented in Romania, 2016 - 17.7 Euro/t and from 2017 - 26.6 Euro/t (landfill fees in Romania at sanitary landfills is 12.00 to 15.00 Euro/t).

Mr. Gabriel Moiceanu, President of Romanian Intercommunity Development Associations (FADI) proposed that the landfill tax to be introduced gradually and in correlation with the targets for diverting biodegradable waste from disposal.

Mr. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA-RDN, underlined that “higher landfill charge (fees plus tax) = less waste to landfill”, but landfill tax is not the only economic instrument to achieve the targets for diverting biodegradable waste from disposal. Other important economic instruments should be implemented need to be developed (producer responsibility schemes for specific waste streams) and implemented (pay-as-you-throw schemes).

Check the website for more information: adideseurihd.ro

ARS - ISWA International conference, Mamaia 2015

THE 5th ARS - ISWA INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE,
MAMAIA 2015 ( june 30th - july 3rd )

ARS - Asociatia Romana de Salubritate (ISWA Romania) and ISWA-RDN have organized the 5th edition of their Conference together.
The subject was "The sustainability and the performance of the waste management systems implemented in Romania between 2007-2015, as foundation for the next schedule; development prospects to 2020".
This year we again had remarkable guests participating from various countries and from Romania, which together have got involved in an exhaustive analysis of waste management industry issues.

For three days, between June 30th and July 3rd, 90 participants took part in interesting debates and discussions, met business partners and opened to new partnerships full of potential and successful possibilities.

Mr Viorel Marcu - ARS Executive Director, Mr Dumitru Mihalache - ARS President have spoken at the opening session.
So did Mr Alexei Atudorei - Head of RDN, whom in the end passed on a message from Mr David Newman - ISWA President and also has listed some stages of future development for RDN.

The actual discussions started on Wedensday 1st July, with a presentation by JASPERS representative, Jean Tilly, underlying the two main targets for the next development stage in Romania for waste management: recycling to increase up to minimum 50% until 2020 and biodegradable waste disposal resulting from waste treatment to decrease by at least 35% until 2016.

All the guests from different countries have been extremely interesting from the point of view of new info and of the exposed waste management structures. Jorg Eckardt, Managing Director of the German company Baumgarte Boiler Systems Gmbh (part of JFE Engineering Group) has presented viable solutions for obtaining energy from waste.
Nemanja Stanisavljevic, Serbian Solid Waste Association (SeSWA) and Environement Engineering Department of the Faculty of Technical Sciences from Novi Sad University, has presented "Future prospects for waste management in the countries preparing for EU - Serbia Case study."
Ciro Frisoli and Daniele Cocca, of Geom. Ciro Frisoli & C. Sas have spoken about "Geom. Ciro Frisoli company’s European patent - Retaining structures within waste landfills".

On Thursday the 2nd July, more than 30 participants, including A.N.R.S.C and Environmental Guard representatives, have taken the opportunity offered to them, of a technical visit, organized with the support of Iridex Group, to a developing site for a new landfill, having the chance to also see how the old deposit gets covered and a transfer station too, all in Medgidia area.
Romanian and foreign business partners have met with Mr Valeriu Gherbovet, MOLDSWA President and Mr Tudor Lefter, MOLDSWA Board Chairman (the organization presently has an ongoing collaboration with ARS).

IDA allocated session also had extremely interesting discussions. Mr Gabriel Moiceanu, President of the Federation of Intercommunitary Development Associations has pointed out the role and contribution of these organizations in implementing a performing waste management system in Romania.

The last day of the Conference has been perhaps the most interesting in respect of barriers imposed by legal requirements and bureaucracy.

After three days of both strengths and weaknesses being pinpointed and discussed, on Friday, July 3rd, Mr Iulian Bandoiu, Director of the Regulating National Authority for Community Services and Public Utilities (A.N.R.S.C), has explained in detail the new regulations regarding sanitation as public service and representatives of the Management Authority SOP Environment, Mr Valentin Simion and Mr Cosmin Feodorov have presented "The situation of the projects financed through the Environmental Operational Sector Program."

Overall the Conference has been a real success, has achieved its objectives, making possible a meeting of the key players in the waste management sector, in order to find solutions to the many issue encountered and also facilitating quality networking for the participants that would provide opportunities for long term partnerships.

Our thanks go to all involved in organizing the Conference, ISWA, ARS and its Silver members, Klarwin, Eco Rom Ambalaje, Euriteh, Euro Plast, Recolamp and also to its partners - Green Group, Romcarbon SA, Iridex Gruop, Proper Recycling.

The project consists of developing and implementing smart collection points in 25 major cities in Romania

SIGUREC
the Romanian Collection Project that impressed the Norwegians

The Norwegian Government, through the Norwegian grants, co-financed with a 1.4 million Euro grant a project designed to collect recyclable waste from households, implemented by Total Waste Management, Romanian provider of integrated waste management solutions and part of Green Group recycling park.

On May 20, 2015, a press conference was organized in Bucharest and Buzau, with the support of Norwegian Embassy and the Ministry of Environment, to present the project to the public, stage of development and results so far.

The project consists of developing and implementing smart collection points in 25 major cities in Romania, aiming to take over annually 15,200 tonnes of packaging waste and electrical and electronic equipment, destined to reach recycling facilities in the country.

Named SIGUREC, an acronym for "safe recycling", the collection points integrate four key components:

  • a fully automated unit for packaging waste recovery;
  • a semi-automated unit for receiving electrical and electronic equipment;
  • a transport truck that serves each collection point;
  • a unit for compacting the waste

With its state of the art intelligent software, the station tracks and registered each waste item that is collected and has a user friendly communication with the citizens. The station is equipped with Tomra technology, the Norwegian world leader in automated machines for collecting packaging waste. The Tomra solutions were uniquely integrated with Green Group's own system for collecting electronics, resulting a collection concept that is singular in Europe.

Several important advantages are provided using the automatic process and by monitoring the waste, because SIGUREC offers clear and precise data such as the type and weight of the waste and ensures transparency and traceability of the waste to recycling factories. An important role in encouraging people to use the SIGUREC systems is the partnership with retailers such as Carrefour. Thus, when the citizens use the station and give recyclable materials to SIGUREC, they are rewarded automatically with vouchers issued in the form of discount coupons available in hypermarkets.

"Through this project we want to share two important messages: that waste has value and that it is sent directly to recycling facilities. People are encouraged to use our systems by receiving discount shopping vouchers, released automatically after they introduce the recyclables into the devices. In fact, the voucher represents the guarantee that the waste has actually been registered and will get on the shortest way to the recycling factories. For those who do not want the reward there is the option to support and redirect the amount received to a social cause".
   — said Constantin Cristea, General Manager of Total Waste Management.

To date, 19 collection points have been installed by Green Group in 14 cities, such as: Buzau, Bucharest, Brasov, Sibiu, Oradea, Drobeta Turnu Severin, Iasi, Suceava, Braila, Focsani, Pitesti, Ploiesti, Cluj and Tulcea with the rest of the collection points expected to be implemented by the end of the year. Through the existing collection points, about 1300 tonnes of recyclable materials were recovered.
All collected materials are transported to recycling factories in Romania that are partners in the project, which include Greentech, Romcarbon, Greenweee, GreenLamp, Greenglass Recycling, Vrancart, Ecopaper Zarnesti and AMEP.

Check the website for more information: smartrecycling.ro , sigurec.ro

 

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