The ISWA World Congress 2015, took place 7-9 September in Antwerp, Belgium and has been attended by 1200 participants from 90 countries.

7-9 September in Antwerp, Belgium

The ISWA World Congress 2015, took place 7-9 September in Antwerp, Belgium and has been attended by 1200 participants from 90 countries. It the 3 days there has been much more than 230 presentations on sustainable waste management (e.g. launch of Global Waste Managing Outlook, keynote sessions, ISWA Awards, gala dinner).
Regional Development Network South East Europe has organized on 8th of September, from 14.00 to 16.00, a special session.

Its aim was to present the situation of waste management in South East Europe (SEE), present projects, achievements and failures, future projects and how important in finding the most convenient solutions are the characteristics of the SEE market (culture, GDP, fusion of different nations, amount and composition of waste generated, population awareness and affordability to pay for the services, etc.).

Mr. David Newman, ISWA President, opened the session and emphasized the very good cooperation between the members of RDN and the importance of ISWA World Congress 2016 which will be held next year in Novi Sad, Serbia.

Mr. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA Board member and RDN representative, has spoken on general issues of SEE and the similar barriers for implementing sustainable waste management, such as:
i) amount of MSW generated being lower than expected;
ii) quality of recyclable materials sorted in sorting plants is also low;
iii) absence of/or poorly competent operators to manage the built assets;
iv) tariffs strategies to ensure sustainability not adopted and/or implemented;
v) no incentives for public awareness and responsibility on separate collection of household;
vi) poorly developed markets for waste outputs;
vii) affordability of population to pay for the services (Romania – maximum 70 Euro/t).

Mr. Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BaSWA, BiH, make a presentation on „Waste Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ concluding that:
“It is necessary to ensure proper business environment in order to establish a sustainable SWM system in a way that utility companies have stable sources of income from the activity.
Only then can be created realistic plans for future investments and on further development of communal infrastructure, plans which will ensure the proper and sustainable treatment of waste”.

Mrs. Daniela Nelepa, President of MaSWA, Macedonia, used for presentation a short movie which included the present situation of waste market in Macedonia and future projects.
She mentioned that “the main goal of MaSWA is promotion of modern principles of waste management that are economically sustainable for the Republic of Macedonia, as well as development of legal and institutional framework to support the advancement of the waste management sector in the country”. and announced that a conference will be organized in November 2015 in Skopje with the topic “Use of Waste as Investment Opportunity in Macedonia”.

Mr. Goran Vujic, representative of SeSWA, Serbia, approached the topic of “circular economy” and presented important issues in implementation of the concept in Balkans (legal, political, institutional, technical, and social).
Mr. Gabriel Ghinea, representative of ARMD, Romania, made a presentation on “Waste management in Romania”.
He spoke about the projects implemented in Romania in the period 2007–2015, future projects for the period 2016-2020 (including a WtE plant with a capacity of 300,000 t/y in Bucharest) and one of the conclusion is that “The effectiveness of implemented infrastructures is hampered by the poor implementation of supporting measures: information, managing, economic”.

The session can be considered a success and a similar session shall take place a ISWA Congress 2016 in Novi Sad, Serbia.

INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL SYMPOSIUM - organized by the Croatian Waste Management Association (CROWMA) in the period 19th to 21st March 2015

Zadar 2015 Report
"The Role of Communication in Waste Management"


On the premises of Hotel Donat of Falkensteiner Hotels & Residences in the period 19th to 21st March 2015, organized by the Croatian Waste Management Association (CROWMA); the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA); company Eco Ltd. and Cistoca Ltd. from Zadar; The University of Zagreb's Geotechnical Faculty; The University of Zadar - Department of Tourism and Communication Sciences; Hauska & Partner Ltd.; and the Eco association fromZadar, the International Scientific and Professional Symposium was held under the name: "The Role of Communication in Waste Management" Zadar 2015.

The objectives of the symposium were to show and share examples of good practice, to point out the importance of communication (to inform, educate, raise awareness and improve dialogue) to achieve the ambitious EU goals in the field of waste management, point out the problems (neuralgic points) in relation to the level of information and public awareness of its role in the establishment of an integrated waste management and provide constructive exchange of views with the aim to improve practice.

The president of the Symposium's Organizing Committee BozidarLonginwelcomed all the participants. The symposium was enriched with speeches held by the Mayor of the City of ZadarBozidarKalmeta, and the Zadar County Prefect Stipe Zrilic who opened the symposium.

Symposium was attended by about 150 participants from Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Austria, Hungary, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Malta. There were over 30 presentations and four plenary lectures. Domestic and foreign experts gave lectures on public awareness on waste management, education of citizens on the subject and on the impact of mediation and activist associations in regulating the issue of waste management, highlighting examples of good practice.

As part of the Symposium, regional student workshop was organized and attended by over 40 students from three domestic and one foreign higher education institution. These are respectively: Geotechnical Faculty, University of applied sciencesVelikaGorica, Department of Tourism and Communication Studies of the University of Zadar, and the Faculty of Technical Sciences of the Novi Sad University.
As part of the symposium a round table was held on the topic "What is necessaryto achieve better communication among all participants of the waste management system".

After this two-day symposium the following was concluded:

  •   The prerequisite for successful communication in the waste management sector is the establishment of trust. One possible tool for establishing trust is education;
  •   Solving the problems of communication in waste management should start by defining the problems and target groups;
  •   An interdisciplinary approach to solving the issues of waste management and analysis of horizontal and vertical waste management system at all levels are necessary;
  •   Establishment of an integrated waste management system is a continuous process that should be raised above politics and should not depend on the duration of political mandates.

More information:

An important part of the meeting was dedicated to short report from the Working Group Members.

Meeting of Working Group on Energy Recovery
Vaasa, Finland

The last meeting of ISWA Working Group on Energy recovery took place in Vaasa, Finland, on May, 21, 2014. At the meeting participated 31 experts from Denmark, Austria, Hungary, France, Germany, Sweden, Finland, Japan, China and Switzerland, experts from universities, design, suppliers, building and operation companies.
The main important activities of the event are presented below.
Jiao Tang, the Secretary of this working group, gave an update on the highlights of past events and new developments in which ISWA is involved since the last meeting.

Highlights include the following (please refer to the meeting proceedings for more detailed information).

  • Memorandum of Understanding signed between ISWA and UNIDO
  • Establishment of a new Task Force: on Energy and Resource Efficiency
  • ISWA Project Grant for 2014 granted to 5 selected projects
  • ISWA is preparing a report on "Waste and Health", aiming to address the importance of international and local financial budget allocated specially for waste management projects
  • Joint effort with UNEP on producing "Global Waste Outlook", to be published in 2015
  • ISWA commissioned by UNEP to manage the development of "A Practical Sourcebook on Mercury Storage and Disposal"
  • Waste-pedia Project: basic content for each topic will all completely uploaded to the online platform in June

Mr. Leif Akers gave a presentation on the WtE situation in Finland.
The waste composition in Finland: 59% of mining waste, 19% from buiding industry, MSW is only 3% (2.7 Million tons/year). In the 90s, fluidised bed plants were being used, RDFs were produced, coals and fuels were applied, but it was realised that it's not the right solution. Corrosion occured in power plants when co-combusting RDFs. Bad experiences were encountered in Helsinky. As a result, by the end of 90s, the topic incinerationwas not allowed in Finland. Then Finland started to use modern waste incineration plants with energy recovery. Landfilling is going down. WtE is increasing although landfilling is still a large percentage of waste disposal. (Please refer to the meeting proceedings for more detailed information).

Ms. Bettina Kamuk gave an update on the progress of the project on renewing the Bottom Ash paper. The project is a bit behind schedule. The previous report was extremely popular, so it was decided to give an update on some parts of the previous report, not to go into very technical details but on what does it mean to recycle bottom ash, what do we do today and in the future, look at market trends, highlight barriers for utilisation. It will focus not only on ferrous metals but also non-ferrous metals and precious metals, highlighting the role of bottom ash recovery in the circular economy.

Hong Kong

There are lots of activities in Hong Kong on waste management. The debate on what kind of strategy for waste management for Hong Kong has been on-going for 10-13 years. This year, 2019, all 3 landfills are to be full. Hong Kong now only uses landfills for disposal, there are no incineration plants. By 2019, the three landfills are expected to be full. As a result, the government is recommending moving grate incinerator to manage the waste for Hong Kong. The proposal is to build a little island where the incineration plant will be built, in order to avoid people's rejection. This month, a bill will hopefully be passed to allow such plan. If the Bill is passed, this project will start soon and is estimated to be completed by 2021. The plant will have 3000 t/d capacity, 480 kwh/y energy production.
Another project is proposed to extend the life-time of current 3 landfills to solve current problems. Reducion and recycling: 49% recycled mainly from office waste not much from household waste, of which 99% is exported to mainland China. The target is to reduce waste generation by 40% of current level by 2024. There is long-term debate on plasma technology, encouraged by US businesses.


There are 13 PPP projects, but not one contract signed yet. landfill tax is at 35/ton. WtE may have a chance because of the landfill tax.


Hungary introduced landfill tax 10/t, 20/t, 30/t, could be a driver for WtE plants in the future. The hope is that the new minister will be more friendly towards waste incineration, unlike the previous one. The country needs 3 to 4 incineration plants and depending on political will, there is enough waste for more incineration plants. Currently 65% of waste are landfilled in Hungary.


Still waiting for the government to decide on the future structure. Decision to be made was postponed to the summer time. There are some new initiatives to increase recycling rate.


The tendency is to reduce waste to landfill, which is previously not as clear as now. It could mean more WtE potential, but not significantly. Planned to build one new plant near Paris, but no decision has been made yet. Also involved in UK market: large activities at the moment due to end service year of old plants.


Two new plants in Parma came into operation. The next plant is planned in Florence, which has been delayed for long time with not yet a decision. The general mood is opposing WtE. There is a move to consider shutting down some most efficient plants in the Lombardy region.


The market is stable and subsidies from central government are given to municipalities when they construct WtE plants: 1/3 of the finance comes from subsidies under certain conditions that will not be revised. Energy recovery and capacity will be considered in this revision, something like a R1 formular will be considered. The plants have to prepare for disaster refuse, as conditions for receiving subsidies.


Changes in legislation have been important in the UK in recent months; whilst this is not all EfW related it has implications for the waste composition and treatment types used, as well as drawing government (and public) focus away from EfW:

  • January 2014 Scotland introduced a ban on organic waste to landfill resulting in the introduction last year of many food waste collections and more AD plants
  • Domestic legislation has been brought in to implement the Waste Framework Directive such that from next year UK is required to collect recyclable materials separately. The focus has been on "TEEP" (where technically, economically and Environmentally Practical)
  • A MRF code of practice comes in under regulations in October 2014 requiring sampling and testing of quality of materials.

The next meeting of ISWA WG on Energy Recovery is preliminarily decided to take place in Paris, on 30-31 Oct 2014, hosted by SITA, visiting 2 facilities.

Energy Recovery
from Municipal Waste in Poland

Waste is a resource!

Recycling and Waste-to-Energy go hand in hand in order to divert waste from landfill 37% of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) across the EU 27 is still landfilled, although landfill gasses (methane) contribute significantly to global warming (equaling 25 times CO2).

What are the alternatives and how can they be intelligently combined to achieve maximum reduction of environmental impact?
The Member States who have most successfully reduced dependence on landfill have done this by combining recycling, biological treatment (e.g. composting and anaerobic digestion), and Waste-to-Energy.
Waste-to-Energy plants are equipped with sophisticated filtering devices in order to minimize emissions into the atmosphere - and they are strictly controlled.
While dioxins exist naturally in the environment the manmade ones come from a variety of combustion processes including steel mills, power plants, cement kilns, diesel vehicles, buses, open fires in the home, bonfires, barbeques, jet engines, forest fires... Emissions from Waste-to-Energy plants present just a tiny fraction of such emissions. Waste-to-Energy technology is one of the most robust and effective alternative energy options to reduce CO2 emissions and to save limited fossil fuel resources used by traditional power plants.
On the basis that about 73 million tonnes of household and similar waste that remains after waste prevention, reuse and recycling, was treated in Waste-to-Energy Plants across Europe, 29 billion kWh of electricity and 73 billion kWh of heat can be generated.
Between 7- 40 million tonnes of fossil fuels (gas, oil, hard coal and lignite) can be substituted annually, emitting 20-40 million tonnes of CO2.

Waste-to-Energy is a solution for a part of municipal waste!
All the new UE Member States have considered the implementation of WtE plants with different periods of implementation based on the local conditions (policy, legislation, economic, technical, affordability of population to pay the services, specific social problems, aso).
The UE funds for the new Member States are based on "funding gape" and for WtE projects the solution is represented by a grant of 40-50% from EU and a difference that must be ensure through a Public-Private-Partnership (DBOF - Design - Build - Operate - Finance).
The main problem is represented by the "feasibility and sustainability" of the WtE operation period, which needs, mainly, a strong contact to supply the waste at "WtE gates" and a strong contract for deliver the energy to the consumers.

As an example in Romania, one project that is feasible and sustainable (WtE plant in Bucharest, capital of Romania, with a capacity of minimum 300,000 t/y) is deleted due to the problems mentioned above, and not due to the location, technology, investment cost, operational costs, aso.
Is "crystal clear" that WtE plants (mass burning with horizontal reverse moving grates) will continue to be a solution for reaching the UE targets for 2020.
One good example is the WtE plant from Bydgoszcz, Poland, which is under construction and will start to be operated in September, 2015.
The plant is build and equipped by ASTALDI (Italy) and TM.E. S.p.A. Termomeccanica Ecologia (Italy) and the main important information are:

  • Customer: Pro - Natura,
  • Throughput: 540 tonnes/day,
  • Plant Type: 2 lines, moving grates,
  • Energy Recovery: 13 Mwe,
  • Flue Gas Treatment: semi Dry and wet,
  • EPC contractor: Consortium TME/Astaldi.


"Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste makes the incineration of waste one of the most stringently regulated and controlled industrial activities." (Answer given by Mr Potočnik, Environment Commissioner, to a Parliamentary Question on 10th June 2010.).


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