International workshop with the topic “Sustainable Development in the Field of Solid Waste Management”
Bosnian Solid Waste Association (BASWA) organized, in the period 21/21 of September, with technical and financial support of ISWA-RDN, an international workshop with the topic “Sustainable Development in the Field of Solid Waste Management”.
The workshop was attended by:
The main topics analyzed were focused in the activities from Eastern Europe:
Mr. Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BASWA, open the workshop works and emphasized that in Eastern Europe some of the waste management issues are the same:
Companies from Eastern Europe are active and cooperate in the region in the activities of consultancy and design (IPZ Uniprojekt Croatia) and technologies for leachage and landfill gas treatment (KLARWIN Romania) with very good results for all the beneficiaries (private and public companies involved in implementation and operation of integrated weaste management systems). Companies from Eastern Europe, as is Geom Ciro Friscoli Italy, presented new technologies that could be implemented in the region.
Company’s patented “landfill retaining structures” for volumetric recover of active or exhausted landfills has been presented at the workshop.
The technology is very important and applicable as far that in the cases where there is no surface to extend the landfill, the recoverable volume can increase with 40% and 80% of the effectively authorized volume. Manfredonia landfill near Foggia, Italy, is a very good example for the efficiency of the patent.
All the presentations were very important and appreciated by all the participants, more than 80 people from BiH, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.
Bijeljina Regional Center for Waste Management
BiH - BASIC INFORMATION
BiH recently adopted basic laws that are directly related to the environmental protection and SWM:
First SWM Project in BiH is co financed by WORLD BANK and the implementation has started with the purpose for:
Loan funds are alocated for:
IMPORTANT REGIONAL PROJECTS
During the first phase of construction (2003 – 2009) the sanitary landfill was constructed. The size of investment was 6.5 million Euro. The second phase of construction is ongoing and the size of investment is 1.5 million EUR – IBRD loan, for remediation of existing unsanitary landfill.
The Swedish Government has allocated funds in amount of 10 million EUR for BiH.
The aim of the project was improvement of the system for waste collection and treatment on landfills and the project is finished.
Also, implementation of public awareness-raising campaign on solid waste management at the state level was successfully completed.
SIDA Project was support to World Bank Second Solid Waste Management Project in BiH and the funds were used for technical equipping of regional sanitary landfills and utility companies for waste collection within regions.
EVALUATION OF ESTABLISHING SWM SYSTEM IN BiH
Problems of SWM development in BiH are mainly: administrative, legal, economic and technical problems and it can be concluded that the process of construction of regional landfills, establishment of new regions and the establishment of integrated SWM was slow, because:
FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY OF REGIONAL LANDFILLS AND WASTE MANAGEMENT COMPANIES
There are important issues that have direct influence on a financial sustainability of regional landfills and waste management companies:
Waste recycling rate is very low and problems are related with:
SOLUTIONS AND FURTHER DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
Important for the future improvements of present situation are represented by:
Above mentioned solutions should provide proper waste tariffs for collection and disposal of waste, as well as the proper fee collection system, in order to ensure the financial sustainability of companies involved in SWM.
The final aim is to permanently provide a system which is resistant to political changes within institutions in charge and permanent sustainability.
The necessary actions are:
It is necessary to ensure proper business environment in order to establish a sustainable SWM system in a way that utility companies have stable sources of income from the activity.
Only after that can be created realistic plans for future investments and further development of communal infrastructure, plans which will ensure the proper and sustainable treatment of waste in BiH.
Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BASWA, BiH
has established different Regional Development Networks (RDN) to more effectively reach regions outside of its traditionally strong areas (i.e. Western Europe and North America).
The's aim is to promote sustainable waste management by carrying out activities and developing programs that focus on their regions special needs and challenges.
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