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In this issue:

      News from Bosnia and Herzegovina
        • BaSWA International Workshop on Waste Management
        • Waste Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina
        • Interview with Mr. Drazenko Bjelic, Development Manager, Regional Landfill, Banja Luka, BiH

      News from Macedonia
        • MaSWA Annual Conference 2015
      News from Romania
        • Visit of a delegation from Azerbaijan in Romania
        • Changes at ISWA Romania
        • Quantifying Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment in Romania
        • National Symposium on Integrated Waste Management

  • ISWA-RDN Events in 2015
        • ISWA's Key Messages on Resource Management
        • 410,000 TPA MBT Plant to Produce RDF in Sofia, Bulgaria
        • Global Waste Managing Outlook
        • Rimini Fiera - A Record Edition for the Green Economy Expo
        • ZWE: Waste to Energy Tax Should Be Equal to Landfill
        • Waste to Energy Gate Fees up the Most, says WRAP Report
        • UK Parliamentary Inquiry into Role of EU in Setting UK Waste Policy
        • ARGIF PROIECT Romania

Message from the Secretariat

Dear Friends,

Our Regional Development Network has started in 2013 with only six members. I am pleased to say that with Croatia, Hungary, Moldova and Macedonia joining in the meantime, we now got to ten members.
Slovenia has setup a national association for waste management and in 2016 will be joining ISWA and ISWA-RDN as our 11th member.
Each country's waste management system is specific, different and we ought to accept there's a long way before we can get to the same level
Western countries are at today. In the same breath, we must bear in mind that the first incinerator for medical waste has been put in operation a hundred years ago in Copenhagen, separate collection at the source started some thirty years ago in Germany and Belgium, incineration of municipal waste started in Germany also thirty years back and so on. Grants from EU are available and experts from Western Europe are already helping us implementing the waste management and environmental protection EU Directives. In turn, we ensure they get to understand and take into consideration all the local particularities necessary for appropriate planning of a sustainable waste management system for the future. For instance, whilst implementation of the integrated waste management system at national level might be possible in Serbia, Croatia and Macedonia, countries with population comprised between 2 and 7.5 million, in a country like Romania, with 19.700.000 inhabitants, cannot happen in only seven years, which is the maximum period of time financed by EU grants. We just can't jump from „sanitation” systems to „resources management” systems. Is nonetheless crystal clear that the implementation of integrated waste management is absolutely needed in our RDN member countries.
Also, although implementation in respect of facilities may be is possible using EU grants, as far as a sustainable operation of the systems is concerned, taking into consideration participation of the population for separate collection at the source is needed and population's affordability for paying the services, we do need many years, longer than EU seems to consider is necessary. We have colleagues that are very experienced in implementing new systems for waste management and we have to take into consideration their experience.
Mr. Antonis Mavropoulos, ISWA STC Chair:
"There is no generally accepted methodology to use; we have to create our own unique one according to local conditions and global experiences. Technologies may be donor - funded but they will be operated, maintained, paid and supported by local resources, markets and citizens."
Mr. Doron Sapir, President of ISWA Israel:
"We have to understand that each technology fits to certain social, economical and cultural conditions."
Mr. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA-RDN Representative:
"EU Directives should be implemented in Eastern Europe taking into consideration all the issues at local, regional and national level.”
I would like to express my gratitude to all ISWA members, ISWA-RDN members, ISWA Gold/Silver members from our RDN for their input and involvement in RDN activities in 2015. It would probably take me one page only to write down all the names, as there is a long list of people without whom the events in 2014 and 2015 would have not been possible.
Thank you everyone! Now all of you are members of “my ISWA family”!
Few years ago “my ISWA family” it was only a “concept”, now is a “fact” and in the last three years we have worked hard together to make this happen.
I trust you are satisfied with our RDN results from 2015.
As we all know, only by doing nothing one doesn't make any mistakes, so on a more personal level, if I have made any, please accept my apologies.
Next year ISWA Congress will take place at Novi Sad, Serbia, and is very important for us to participate because the aim of the congress is to present potential applications and adjustments of optimal Western technologies to the special requirements of Eastern Europe region. Please see more information at
I wish you all “Merry Christmas” and “A Happy new Year”!
Please do not forget our RDN message:
“Winter, Spring, Summer and Fall/All you have to do is call/And I’ll be there, yes I will/You got a friend!”
(Your FRIEND - all ISWA Members!)
See you in 2016,
Best Regards,

Dr. Eng. Alexei Atudorei - ISWA Board Member,
Representative of Regional Development Network Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean



The ISWA World Congress 2015, took place 7-9 September in Antwerp, Belgium and has been attended by 1200 participants from 90 countries. It the 3 days there has been much more than 230 presentations on sustainable waste management (e.g. launch of Global Waste Managing Outlook, keynote sessions, ISWA Awards, gala dinner).
Regional Development Network South East Europe has organized on 8th of September, from 14.00 to 16.00, a special session.
Its aim was to present the situation of waste management in South East Europe (SEE), present projects, achievements and failures, future projects and how important in finding the most convenient solutions are the characteristics of the SEE market (culture, GDP, fusion of different nations, amount and composition of waste generated, population awareness and affordability to pay for the services, etc.).
Mr. David Newman, ISWA President, opened the session and emphasized the very good cooperation between the members of RDN and the importance of ISWA World Congress 2016 which will be held next year in Novi Sad, Serbia.
Mr. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA Board member and RDN representative, has spoken on general issues of SEE and the similar barriers for implementing sustainable waste management, such as
i) amount of MSW generated being lower than expected;
ii) quality of recyclable materials sorted in sorting plants is also low;
iii) absence of/or poorly competent operators to manage the built assets;
iv) tariffs strategies to ensure sustainability not adopted and/or implemented;
v) no incentives for public awareness and responsibility on separate collection of household;
vi) poorly developed markets for waste outputs;
vii) affordability of population to pay for the services (Romania – maximum 70 Euro/t).

Mr. Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BaSWA, BiH, make a presentation on „Waste Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ concluding that:
It is necessary to ensure proper business environment in order to establish a sustainable SWM system in a way that utility companies have stable sources of income from the activity.
Only then can be created realistic plans for future investments and on further development of communal infrastructure, plans which will ensure the proper and sustainable treatment of waste
Mrs. Daniela Nelepa, President of MaSWA, Macedonia, used for presentation a short movie which included the present situation of waste market in Macedonia and future projects.
She mentioned that “the main goal of MaSWA is promotion of modern principles of waste management that are economically sustainable for the Republic of Macedonia, as well as development of legal and institutional framework to support the advancement of the waste management sector in the country” and announced that a conference will be organized in November 2015 in Skopje with the topic “Use of Waste as Investment Opportunity in Macedonia”.
Mr. Goran Vujic, representative of SeSWA, Serbia, approached the topic of “circular economy” and presented important issues in implementation of the concept in Balkans (legal, political, institutional, technical, and social).
Mr. Gabriel Ghinea, representative of ARMD, Romania, made a presentation on “Waste management in Romania”.
He spoke about the projects implemented in Romania in the period 2007–2015, future projects for the period 2016-2020 (including a WtE plant with a capacity of 300,000 t/y in Bucharest) and one of the conclusion is that “The effectiveness of implemented infrastructures is hampered by the poor implementation of supporting measures: information, managing, economic”.
The session can be considered a success and a similar session shall take place a ISWA Congress 2016 in Novi Sad, Serbia.



News from Bosnia and Herzegovina



Bosnian Solid Waste Association (BASWA) organized, in the period 21/21 of September, with technical and financial support of ISWA-RDN, an international workshop with the topic “Sustainable Development in the Field of Solid Waste Management”.

The workshop was attended by:
Members of BASWA;
Representatives from central administration of BiH (Ms. Svjetlana Radusin, Assistant Minister, Ministry of Spatial Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology and Mr. Srdjan Todorovic, Director, Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of the Republic of Srpska);
ISWA Board member and representative of RDN, Mr. Alexei Atudorei;
Representatives of ISWA National Members from Serbia (SeSWA, Mr. Goran Vujic) and Croatia (HUGO, Mr. Danko Fundurulja);
Representatives of companies and entities involved in waste management projects in BiH (GIZ Germany, Geom Ciro Friscoli Italy, KLARWIN Romania, EKOPAK BiH, Dume Trade Croatia, MZ Consulting and Fairs Slovenia, GT-Trade Croatia, ROTREAT Austria, SZKHT Hungary, aso).

The main topics analyzed were focused in the activities from Eastern Europe:
Implementation of EU legislation on waste management;
Issues and solutions for implementation of Best Available Technologies on waste management;
Extended Producer Responsibility for packaging waste and Best Practices for separate collection, sorting and recovery of used packaging;
Funds for implementation of integrated waste management;
Sustainability of municipal waste management systems.

Mr. Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BASWA, open the workshop works and emphasized that in Eastern Europe some of the waste management issues are the same:
i) insufficient coverage of waste collection;
ii) utility companies and regional landfill are under credit debt - inability to invest;
iii) low prices for communal services;
iv) low awareness of citizens concerning SWM.

Companies from Eastern Europe are active and cooperate in the region in the activities of consultancy and design (IPZ Uniprojekt Croatia) and technologies for leachage and landfill gas treatment (KLARWIN Romania) with very good results for all the beneficiaries (private and public companies involved in implementation and operation of integrated weaste management systems). Companies from Eastern Europe, as is Geom Ciro Friscoli Italy, presented new technologies that could be implemented in the region.
Company’s patented “landfill retaining structures” for volumetric recover of active or exhausted landfills has been presented at the workshop.
The technology is very important and applicable as far that in the cases where there is no surface to extend the landfill, the recoverable volume can increase with 40% and 80% of the effectively authorized volume. Manfredonia landfill near Foggia, Italy, is a very good example for the efficiency of the patent.
All the presentations were very important and appreciated by all the participants, more than 80 people from BiH, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.


Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BASWA, BiH

Total size: 51.209,2 km² (land: 51 197 km² and sea: 12,2 km²)
Population: 3.791.662 (Census 2013)
GDP per capita: 6. 862 KM (2013)/ 1 Euro= 1,98 KM
Average net salary: 830 KM (2015)
Administrative divisions: two entities – Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and Republic of Srpska (RS) and Brčko District.
Structure of FBiH: administratively divided into 10 cantons. Cantons are divided into municipalities. There are 79 municipalities In FBiH.
Republic of Srpska is administratively divided into 62 municipalities.
The city of Brčko is a separate administrative unit - district.

BiH recently adopted basic laws that are directly related to the environmental protection and SWM:
Law on Environmental Protection of FBiH (Off. Gazette FBiH, No. 33/03, 38/09)
Law on Environmental Protection of RS (Off. Gazette RS 71/12)
Law on Waste Management (Off. Gazette FBiH No. 33/03, 72/09)
Law on Waste Management (Off. Gazette RS 111/13)
The above named legislation of FBiH is harmonized with the Strategy on Environmental Protection of FBiH, 2008 - 2018, defining important parameters for SWM: waste recycling, separation of biodegradable waste, treatment of waste, etc.
Strategy on Environmental Protection of RS is currently under creation.
In addition to this legislation, there are other important laws, especially:
Law on Spatial Planning and Land Use, as well as
Law on Water Management

First SWM Project in BiH is co financed by WORLD BANK and the implementation has started with the purpose for:
Creating regions in BiH;
Construction of regional landfills;
The introduction of private utility companies in the sector of waste management;
Separation of activities of waste collection and waste disposal.

Loan funds are alocated for:
Rehabilitation of existing landfills
Closure of uncontrolled landfills
Improvement of infrastructure and purchase of equipment for waste collection
Transformation of small landfills into transfer stations
Providing support for advanced dumps in sorting, recycling, the exploitation of gas and pretreatment of waste
Technical support and engineering services
Institutional strengthening of the entities involved in the construction of SWM system
Preparation of feasibility studies
Financial, environmental and social assessments of landfill sites

1. Bijeljina Regional Center for Waste Management
2. REGION OF MOSTAR – Landfill “Uborak”.
Supsidijary credit agreement and IDA funds. The works were finalized on 2013.
3. REGION OF ZENICA – Landfill “Moscanica”
During the first phase of construction (2003 – 2009) the sanitary landfill was constructed. The size of investment was 6.5 million Euro. The second phase of construction is ongoing and the size of investment is 1.5 million EUR – IBRD loan, for remediation of existing unsanitary landfill.


Bijeljina Regional Center for Waste Management



The Swedish Government has allocated funds in amount of 10 million EUR for BiH.
The aim of the project was improvement of the system for waste collection and treatment on landfills and the project is finished.
Also, implementation of public awareness-raising campaign on solid waste management at the state level was successfully completed.
SIDA Project was support to World Bank Second Solid Waste Management Project in BiH and the funds were used for technical equipping of regional sanitary landfills and utility companies for waste collection within regions.

Problems of SWM development in BiH are mainly: administrative, legal, economic and technical problems and it can be concluded that the process of construction of regional landfills, establishment of new regions and the establishment of integrated SWM was slow, because:
1. Political decision on joining the Second SWM Project were not adopted timely, in spite of the fact that all preparatory activities have been finished on time;
2. The bank guarantees on loans were not prepared on time by municipalities involved in the project;
3. Not reached political agreement on forming a joint regional landfill in the areas of inter-entity lines, which would be economically and territorially the most rational solutions
4. The World Bank withdrew 5 million EUR in the Republic of Srpska and did not engage 1 million EUR in FBiH due to the problems of implementation of the project.

There are important issues that have direct influence on a financial sustainability of regional landfills and waste management companies:
Investments for construction of regional landfills were mainly from credit and loan funds;

High operation costs of regional landfills;
Insufficient amounts of waste for disposal on regional landfills;
High distance between municipalities within a region and small number of inhabitants;
Low price for communal services of collection and disposal;
Waste tariffs were not determined fairly;
Municipalities are authorized to issue approval for prices for communal services;
Lack of mechanisms to force users to pay fees for the services performed;
Low income is a result of small amounts of waste and low price for communal service.

Waste recycling rate is very low and problems are related with:
Insufficient separation of waste;
Low awareness of citizens concerning separate collection of packaging waste
The private sector is partly dealing with the separation of raw materials at the moment (PET, nylon, tires, steel, paper, ...);
Less than 5% of all types of waste (hazardous and non-hazardous) are recycled in BiH;
Public utility companies and private utility companies who collect waste do not invest significantly in the field of waste separation and recycling.


Landfill Uborak, Region of Mostar

Important for the future improvements of present situation are represented by:
Policy change;
Establishing proper tariffs for collection and disposal of waste and a new fee collection system;
Complete coverage of waste collection within a municipality.
Above mentioned solutions should provide proper waste tariffs for collection and disposal of waste, as well as the proper fee collection system, in order to ensure the financial sustainability of companies involved in SWM.
The final aim is to permanently provide a system which is resistant to political changes within institutions in charge and permanent sustainability.
The necessary actions are:
Adoption of accurate legislation and prompt adoption of adequate bylaws
Acceleration of decision-making process
To provide all the legally required documents before construction of regional landfills
To find a way of providing guarantees on loans by the cantonal or entity governments, for municipalities which are not credit worthy
Involvement of the private sector through PPP
Sorting and recycling of waste at landfills
Primary separation of waste where there are technical and financial conditions for that.


Landfill Moscanica, Region of Zenica

It is necessary to ensure proper business environment in order to establish a sustainable SWM system in a way that utility companies have stable sources of income from the activity.
Only after that can be created realistic plans for future investments and further development of communal infrastructure, plans which will ensure the proper and sustainable treatment of waste in BiH.

Dragisa Marjanovic, President of BASWA, BiH




Activities for the implementation of integrated waste management in BiH include the construction and operation of a regional landfill in Banja Luka.
The regional landfill is operated and developed by the company PU”DEP-OT”.
Mr. Draženko Bjelić is working at the company PU”DEP-OT” which operate and develop the regional landfill. The interview has been realized during BASWA international seminar in Banja Luka (20/21 of September, 2015).

Dear Mr. Bjelic, please present youself,
I am Draženko Bjelić MSc. Ehem.Eng. and I work as development manager at PU"DEP-OT" Regional Landfill, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have been working for PU"DEP-OT"; since 2004.
Please give us some information about the PU"DEP-OT" company.
The PU"DEP-OT" is a public company and has been established in 2003 as regional landfill for City of Banja Luka and another 7 municipalities from Banja Luka region.
Company covers an area with cca. 400 000 inhabitants and the quantity of waste disposed is 100,000 t of waste per year.
Landfill is located in Ramići and is operated since 1976.
Two years ago has been constructed a new part of sanitary landfill with sealing system.
Landfill has a leachate treatment plant based on reverse osmosis technology, using Disc Tube Module System, technology which offers many advantages as are: open channel configuration, high turbulences of the feed stream, reduced risks of clogging or crystallization, more effective cleanings, minimization of cross-flow rate, aso.
Treatment plant has been provided, installed and put into operation by KLARWIN Romania.
Investments for rehabilitation and construction of the landfill in Ramići are covered through World Bank Credit and IPA Program 2010.
European Commission approved a grant from the IPA Fund for 2010, 2,854,000 Euro, which has been agreed through the Agreement signed on 24th July 2012 between the European Commission, BiH and the World Bank.
In this sense, the Ministry performs monitoring and control of all activities, that is, construction work on rehabilitation of the Regional landfill Ramići, construction of waste disposal sanitary cell and construction of gas collection system as well as supervising over the aforesaid works. The amount of 669,000 Euro was invested in this project in 2014.
What are the future projects for the Regional landfill Ramići?
We have plans to start the construction of one system for collection, treatment and energy recovery of landfill gas at the Ramići landfill.
In order to reduce the quantities of waste disposed and to increase the quantities of packaging waste that can be recycled we have plans to start the separation of packaging waste at the source at all the population from the City of Banja Luka and another 7 municipalities from Banja Luka region.



UE Directives on waste management should be correlated with others EU Directives as are EU Directives on environmental protection. Do the activities at Ramići landfill take this into consideration?
Implementation of integrated waste management projects have to take into consideration all the EU Directives regarding waste management, environmental protection and protection of population health. We take care about environment and population health and that is why the new landfill is developed with previously conducted Environmental Impact Assessment. At Ramići landfill we perform a continuously activity for monitoring the emissions in the air, noise level, quality of ground water, soil quality, etc. The results are presented periodically to Republic Environmental Inspectorate and Ministry for physical planning, civil engineering and environment. Together with them we take measures for implementing new investments which take into consideration Best Available Technologies and for improving the operational activities based on our experience. My PhD thesis "Environmental assessment of the solid waste management system in Banja Luka" will be finished soon and the results obtained in this thesis should be useful for further development of solid waste management system in Banja Luka region and not only.
Are you involved in other activities regarding waste management?
I am working as a Consultant for the Company ‘’IPZ Uniproject TERRA’’ from Zagreb for the elaboration of Solid Waste Management Strategy in Republic Srpska. My experience in PU"DEP-OT" company activities helps me to offer very good solutions for implementation of an integrated waste management system, a system in full compliance with EU requirement in Republic Srpska.
Do you have a message for the readers of our ISWA-RDN newsletter? Planning and implementation of integrated waste management systems should take into consideration all the provisions from EU Directives but also all the local conditions (geomorphology, climate, present and future infrastructure, waste data, culture, religion, education, population affordability to pay for the services, aso).
Experience in implementation of integrated waste management in counties as Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, aso, as achievements and failures should be taken into consideration for implementation of similar projects in Balkans.

Thank you very much Drajenko



News from Macedonia



Within the event calendar of ISWA (International Solid Waste Association) THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE MACEDONIAN SOLID WASTE ASSOCIATON – MaSWA was held on 21st October 2015 in Skopje.
Having the mandate of NATIONAL MEMBERSHIP in the International Organization ISWA, and member of the regional development network - RDN ISWA covering Southeast Europe, Near East and Mediterranean- MaSWA has organized The Annual Conference entitled USE OF ASTE AS INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY IN MACEDONIA.
The activities of MaSWA were directly followed and supported by the Cabinet of the President of Republic of Macedonia PhD Gj. Ivanov and presence of the representative of the Cabinet at the conference.
The Minister for Environment and Physical Planning and His Excellence, the Ambassador of Hungary in Republic of Macedonia took part of the conference and they addressed the present. The conference as well showed great interest to the representatives of business community, public communal companies, municipalities and other participating as active participants.
As well as the previous year, this year conference provided balanced combination of international reputed speakers and interesting insight in the latest scientific and technological achievements. After the official address by the President of MaSWA MA of Engineering Daniela Nelepa and the official opening by eminent guests, the agenda of the conference covered three sessions of presentations representing 14 international and 4 national experts and companies in the field of Solid waste management.



News from Romania

Visit at Albota Center


Development of National Solid Waste Management Strategy, of Feasibility Studies and Regional Investments Plans for the Republic of Azerbaijan is the task of Ministry of Economy and Industry. The project started in December 2014 and is currently ongoing.
A special team, Project Management Team (PMT), which includes all needed experts (waste management, environmental protection, institutional, legal public awareness, financial, etc.) was put in place for this activity.
The goal of the project is to establish the basis for future investments, objectives, activities and performance targets for SWM service delivery.
This National Strategy is intended to include collection, recovery, treatment and disposal processes for the various solid waste streams generated throughout the country.
The National Strategy will primarily focus on the management of general domestic solid waste including mixed municipal waste from households, commercial and industrial waste, garden and park waste, construction & demolition (C&D) waste and street sweepings.


Meeting at ISWA Romania office

The Government’s strategic objectives regarding solid waste management are mainly:
Gradual alignment and harmonization of Azerbaijani waste management policies and legislation with European Union (EU) legislation and standards;
Placing SWM in Greater Baku region (and eventually throughout the country) on a more environmentally sustainable footing by: (i) taking steps to limit the amount of solid waste generated; (ii) adopting environmentally sound methods and systems for managing solid wastes; and (iii) recovering value from the wastes generated where technically feasible and economically viable.
Improving the quality and extending the coverage of SWM services throughout Greater Baku region;
Improving the financial sustainability of SWM infrastructure and services by: (i) using available resources more cost-effectively; and (ii) gradually applying and reflecting the “Polluter Pays Principle” in the fees /charges for SWM services. The Project consists of two main phases:
Phase 1 will comprise a) baseline evaluation – data collection and analysis in two regions and eleven pilot representative areas in all geographical regions of Azerbaijan to be selected by the Client at the beginning of this Consultancy, and b) development and presentation of National Strategy Concept Paper providing detailed main and alternative development and implementation approaches for accomplishing the objectives of the National Strategy.
Phase 2 will comprise: preparation of Regional Investment Plans for two regions of Azerbaijan (to be selected by the Client at the beginning of this Consultancy), including Feasibility Studies and Phased Roll Out Plans and Development of National Solid Waste Management Strategy and Action Plans.

Visit at GreenWEEE Buzau


The project includes technical visits and training courses for members of PIU.
ISWA-RDN representative, Mr. Alexei Atudorei, has been contacted by PIU Director and asked to organize a training course and technical visits for four members of PMT: Mr. Hidayet Abdullayev Deputy director; Mr. Faig Sadigov – Environmental and waste management specialist; Huseyngulu Ismayilov – procurement specialist; Emil Huseynov – financial specialist.
Visit of delegation was organized together with Romanian Association for Waste Management, ISWA Romania, in the between 4th and 11th October 2015 and included meetings with ISWA Romania Board, ISWA Romania members (ex. KLARWIN, company specialized in leachate treatment and landfill gas collection and energy recovery), representatives of Romanian Environmental Fund (Mr. Nicolae Neacsu, Vice-president), JASPERS representative (Mr. Jean Tilly), planning expert (Mr. Alexei Atudorei), legal and institutional expert (Mr. Calin Trelea), etc. and technical visits. Technical visits were organized at a county center for integrated waste management (Albota, Arges County, 620,000 inhabitants) and at a very important Romanian recycling company (Green Group SA Romania).
Construction of Albota center for integrated waste management was co-financed by EU, through ISPA and SOP Programs and the activities started in 2010.
The facilities of Albota Center are: i) ecological landfill (cell 1) – capacity for disposal – 750,000 cm; ii) sorting plant for packaging waste; iii) composting plant; iv) platform for treatment of construction and demolition waste; v) system for collection and burning (flame) of landfill gas; vi) leachate treatment plant; vii) green point for storage of hazardous waste generated by population; viii) utilities. During the visit a plethora of information was presented to the members of the delegation: designed and present quantities of waste managed in the Center (in 2014 the quantities of waste disposed was with approximately 20% under the designed capacity of landfill), monitoring system for operation and environmental protection, operational issues and technical solutions adopted for improving the “quality” of sorted materials and compost, etc.


Meeting at ISWA Romania office with Mr. Lucian Pavel (KLARWIN Romania)

Green Group is very active not only in Romania but also in Balkans Region.
Greentech MK Skopje, Macedonia, was established in 2007 and developed into a leading company on Macedonian market of plastic waste recycling. The company has 55 employees.
The factory capacity in producing granules from polyethylene and polypropylene waste is 200 tons per month and 500 tons per month for PET bottles treatment. The City of Skopje awarded GRINTEH MK as „The Most Ecological Company“ in 2009.
Greentech Novi Sad, Serbia, is the leader in Serbia in recycling PET bottles.
The company employs 50 workers and from its existence since 2005 has been continuously developing the production technology and spreading the supply network throughout Serbia.
The factory, with a monthly capacity of 600 tons, is located in Mledonovo-Backa Palanka. Greentech is a socially responsible company, engaged in promoting the importance of recycling and educating citizens, particularly children and youth, through campaigns and promotions. Greentech Novi Sad has been awarded several times for its contribution in environmental protection.
Technical visit at Green Group, industrial park recycling Buzau, Romania, has been supported by Mr. Constantin Damov, co-owner of Green Group SA Romania.
Three facilities of Green Group were visited in Buzau:
1. GreenWEEE International SA GreenWEEE is the biggest integrated treatment plant for electric and electronic equipment waste (WEEE) in Romania and one of the most modern in Europe; investment costs are 10,000,000 Euro and treatment capacity is 50,000 tones WEE/year;
2. GreenLamp Recycling SA Greenlamp Recycling is the only recycler in Romania that uses an in-house distillation process in order to separate Fluorescent tubes components and other discharge lamps, such high intensity discharge lamps (HID). By using the Superior Distiller, can recover the mercury residuals form the phosphor powder;
3. GreenFiber International SA GreenFiber manufactures a high standard quality of polyester staple fibers from 100% recycled PET flakes, being able to substitute virgin fibers and providing advanced solutions in a wide range of applications.
Members of the delegation were pleased with the results of their visit in Romania and sent letters of gratitude to ISWA-RDN and ISWA Romania saying: “The study tour was very interesting and informative. Each member of the visiting group feels the visit was quite valuable and we are glad to have had the opportunity for visiting Albota Center and Green Group Recycling Park in Buzau.”
Cooperation between ISWA-RDN, ISWA Romania and entities from Azerbaijan involved in waste management will continue in the future.
A delegation of Tamiz Shahar JSC, ISWA Gold Member, will visit Romania in the last week of November 2015.




Starting with 1st of August 2015, ISWA Romania is rebranding according to the decision of General Assembly of ARS from September 2014 and legalized through Decision of the Court of 4 District (Bucharest).
The new title of the association is ROMANIAN ASSOCIATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT RAWM (in Romanian: Asociația Română pentru Managementul Deșeurilor – A.R.M.D.).
The decision of the General Assembly came as a result of the development of the waste management industry which is not just about sanitation, but about more complex processes best defined as circular economy.
The new brand is a natural consequence of the efforts of ARS from the past 15 years to implement in Romania an effective waste management system and the change is only an update to the concerns of the association to support its members to meet the new requirements of the European Union to progress toward circular economy.
The rebranding gives the possibility of enlarging the coverage of our organization within the industry and, hence, getting new members.
Sanitation is just a branch of the waste industry. Collection, MBT, recycling, incineration and landfilling are activities that can only coexist and sanitation sector development cannot be achieved without all companies that are operating throughout the value chain.
Therefore, the association sought to expand approaching new fields and economic sectors related to sanitation activities with the aim to update to the new global trends.
The new title of ROMANIAN ASSOCIATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT RAWM is not just rebranding, but the enlargement the coverage of the association.




A new study on E-waste has been elaborated by United Nations University (UNU-IAS), Ecotic Romania and Norway Grants with the support of Innovation Norway.

In 2012, the European Parliament approved the text of the new WEEE Directive, including a new ambitious collection target for each Member State.
By 2012, for example, Romania must collect 65% of the three previous years’ annual average of electrical and electronic equipments (EEE) placed on the market (PoM) or 85% of the annual average of WEEE generated.
In 2012, the reported amount of WEEE collected in Romania was 23 Kt, or 1.2 kg/person. Considering the officially report amount of EEE PoM in the three preceding year (2009 to 2011), at 65% collection target amounts to 8.7 Kt, or 4.4 kg/person.
This clearly highlights substantial room for improvement in the collection system to meet the future challenging targets.
This study, for the first time in Romania, provides evidence that will support the development of more accurate future collection targets and methods of quantifying household WEEE generated.
The study also highlights consumers’ WEEE disposal habits, attitudes and activities outside of officially reported collection and recycling.
A combination of a detailed reconstruction of a long times series of PoM data for different types of EEE, the quantification of the accumulated EEE stocks in households and the creation of lifespan profiles for various EEE has enabled the formulation of reliable estimates of WEEE annually generated in Romania according to the common methodology developed by UNU for DG Environment in 2014.
The different WEEE streams have been analyzed taking into account the different discard channels, in order to highlight key aspects of WEEE collection and management to which legislators must pay particular attention in the definition of future strategies for achieving WEEE collection targets.
This report outlines the methodology that led to the construction of three pillars used to calculate WEEE generated: EEE PoM, household stocks and lifespan profiles. The report also discusses in more detail key aspects related to each waste stream and disposal channel in order to support policies and practices aimed at achieving upcoming Romania’s WEEE collection targets.
The figures, data analyses and results in this report point toward general conclusions for the improvement of WEEE collection across Romania in order to ensure that future targets can be meet:
Proper tacking of PoM is paramount; this is not only relevant from a compliance perspective according to Article 16 of the WEEE Directive and related financial obligations; it is also fundamental to allow country to monitor its overall performances; from 2016 on, PoM data will serve as a basis for the calculation of collection targets, and in the future, PoM data may also became a fundamental input for WG estimates if Romania opts for this alternative from 2021;
Future data quality can be improved, particularly by focusing on key products; currently, those products are washing machines, refrigerators, CTR displays, flat panel displays and vacuum cleaners;
Lifetime profiles have been created for each UNU-KEY and stocks of EEE in Romanian household; expanding the sample size and extending the survey to non-household EEE can improve the comprehensiveness and utility of these profiles; in order to tack changes in consumers’ WEEE disposal behavior, the size and state of household EEE stocks and the share of household appliances that are or are not in use, consumer surveys should be repeated on a regular basis; one of the key elements supporting the shift from original WEEE Directive timeline for the collection targets was the lack of collection infrastructure; this might increase the share of WEEE that either ends up as unsorted municipal waste or collected by informal street collectors, particularly in remote areas, which undermines the total collected quantities;
The amount of WEEE available for proper collection and treatment is only a small share (20% or 70 Kt) compared to the total amount arising for the household products included in the study (estimated at 156 Kt in 2015); without taking into account the share (22% of 33 Kt) that consumers reported to hand over to relatives, friends or others (reuse or preparation for reuse), the great majority of flows are unaccounted for; consumer awareness is a key element to tackle, the share of WEEE generated collected by informal collectors, disposed on waste bins or for which users do not remember discarding represent the biggest threat to meeting collection targets;
Sub-standard treatment for WEEE collected by informal sectors or eventually in non-dedicated plants and the subsequent loss of natural resources are major environmental and social concerns; an increase in the amount collected cannot be de-coupled from a proper treatment in line with applicable standards, including voluntary approaches like WEEELABEX.

Mr. Valentin Negoita, ECOTIC President mesage:
“The study is conducted by ECOTIC, but is not just for us. I consider this study as a common resource and we will provide him to all the stakeholders (from political to operational). After all we have a common goal, whether we speak of the Ministry Of Environment, the producers or the local administration.”

ECOTIC is Romania’s first scheme of producers and importers of electric and electronic equipment (EEE), set up in 2006 with the goal of improving the efficiency, unity and synchronicity of participants in fulfilling their common environmental responsibilities towards collection and recycling of Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE).

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In the period 18/20 of November, a national symposium has been organized at Geoagiu Bai by Hunedoara County and Intercommunity Development Association (IDA), with technical and financial support of ISWA-RDN, Romanian ISWA Gold and Silver Members (EcoROM Ambalaje, Euriteh and Klarwin) and Romanian Association for Waste Management (Adarco Invest).

The topic was “Issues and Solutions for Implementation of Regional Integrated Municipal Waste Management in Romania” and the symposium works were attended by over 90 people from central administration, municipalities, representatives from 19 counties (IDA), companies involved in construction, equipment manufacturers, aso.

In November, 18, it was organized a technical visit at two facilities for ISWM in Hunedoara County:
County Center for ISWM, Bircea Mare (sorting plant - 29.414 t/y, MBT plant - 82.379 t/y, sanitary landfill – 111.200 t/y);
Sorting and transfer Center for ISWM, Petrosani (sorting - 15.980 t/y, transfer - 42.571 t/y).
The symposium works were opened by Mr. David Adrian Nicolae, President of Hunedoara County Council, Mr. Sorin Vasilescu, Prefect of Hunedoara County, Mrs. Vetuta Stanescu, Vice-president of Hunedoara County Council and president of IDA Hunedoara and Mr. Ioan Prip, Director of IDA Hunedoara.
The works for the construction of facilities and procurement of equipments were completed, total investment costs are 70,636,566 Euro, with a grant of 43,952,526 Euro from EU, but the system will be put into operation after completion of the tender procedures and we have to elaborate very clear, complete and detailed ToR for the operation of the system” said Mr. David Adrian Nicolae.
During the symposium it was organized a meeting of representatives from 18 IDA’s counties and important issues in implementation and operation of ISWM systems have been discussed, including the landfill tax that will be implemented in Romania, 2016 - 17.7 Euro/t and from 2017 - 26.6 Euro/t (landfill fees in Romania at sanitary landfills is 12.00 to 15.00 Euro/t).
Mr. Gabriel Moiceanu, President of Romanian Intercommunity Development Associations (FADI) proposed that the landfill tax to be introduced gradually and in correlation with the targets for diverting biodegradable waste from disposal.
Mr. Alexei Atudorei, ISWA-RDN, underlined that “higher landfill charge (fees plus tax) = less waste to landfill”, but landfill tax is not the only economic instrument to achieve the targets for diverting biodegradable waste from disposal. Other important economic instruments should be implemented need to be developed (producer responsibility schemes for specific waste streams) and implemented (pay-as-you-throw schemes).

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1. Croatia, Zadar, March, 19/21, International Symposium "The Role of Communication in Waste Management"
Organizers: ISWA Croatia (CROWMA), ISWA-RDN
Participants: approx. 80 from Croatia, Serbia, BiH, Austria, Slovenia

2. BiH, Study Tour to Waste Management Center in Szeged, Hungary, May, 12/15
Organizers: ISWA BiH (BASWA), ISWA-RDN
The aim of the visit was a tour around the Waste Management Center in Szeged.
Participants had a chance to be introduced with communal waste and non-hazardous waste management in the Region of Szeged, which has approximately 300.000 users of communal services.
Participants: 14 members of BASWA from local administration and companies involved in operation of waste management facilities in BiH.

3. Hungary, Budapest, May, 27, International Conference "Moving Away from Landfill and Incineration; Circular Economy in Practice
Organizers: Ministry of Environmental Affairs, Agricultural Development and Hungaricums"
Participants: 300; event was organized together with ACR+

4. Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, June, 5/6, International Conference "The Environment and Climate Change - Vision to Action"
Organizers: Ministry of Environment, French Embassy in the Republic of Moldova, International Cooperation Agency from Germany, Austrian Agency for Development, Swedish Government, United Nations Development Program, Global Environmental Facility, the National Association of Solid Waste from the Republic of Moldova - MOLDSWA, ISWA-RDN
Special Session on Waste Management (5th of June)
Participants: approx. 100 from Republic of Moldova, France, Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Ukraine, Sweden

5. Greece, Athens, June, 12, International Conference, "Waste and Resources Synergies towards a Circular Economy in Greece and Mediterranean Countries"
Organizers: ISWA Greece (HSWMA), ISWA-RDN
Participants: approx. 100 from Greece, Romania, Serbia, Macedonia and Portugal

6. Romania, Mamaia, June, 30 - July, 3, International Conference "The sustainability and the performance of the waste management systems implemented in Romania, in the period 2007-2015, as foundation for the next investments programs; development prospects to 2020"
Organizers: ISWA Romania (ARMD), ISWA-RDN
Technical Support: participation of ISWA Board (Alexei Atudorei), experts from ISWA-RDN (Romania, Serbia, Greece, Republic of Moldova), experts from JASPERS, Germany, Italy, Austria and experts from Romanian central administration (Ministry of Environment, Ministry of European Funds, Romanian Agency for Public Services)
Participants: approx. 110 from Romania, Serbia, Republic of Moldova, Germany, Italy, Austria, Greece

7. ISWA Congress 2015, Antwerp, Belgium
Organizers: ISWA
Special Session: Regional Development Network South East Europe, 8th of September 2015 (speakers from ISWA-RDN, Romania, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia)
Technical Support: collaboration with the organizers and ISWA-RDN members for preparation of the session (general and specific topics, choosing of speakers, communication, aso)
During the RDN meeting has been established that the RDN events in 2016 which will be co-financed are:
i) ISWA Congress in Novi Sad;
ii) ISWA Israel conference in Tel Aviv.

8. BiH, Banja Luka, September, 21/22, International Workshop "Sustainable Development in the Field of Waste Management"
Organizers: ISWA BiH (BASWA), ISWA-RDN
Technical Support: participation of ISWA Board representative (Alexei Atudorei), experts from ISWA-RDN (Romania, Serbia, Croatia), companies from Austria, Italy and Slovenia
Participants: approx. 80 from BiH, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Austria, Italy, Hungary and Slovenia.

9. Romania, Bucharest, October, 4/11 Study Tour and Training Program for a Delegation from Azerbaijan in Romania
Organizers: ISWA Romania (ARMD), ISWA-RDN
In Azerbaijan the elaboration and approval of National Strategy and National Plan for Waste Management is in responsibility of Ministry of Industry and Economy (MIE).
Representatives of MIE asked ISWA-RDN representative and ISWA Romania to support the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) to visit Romania in order to see the achievements and failures of EU Program for Romania in implementing integrated waste management systems at national and regional level.

10. Macedonia, Skopje, October, 21, International Conference “Use of Waste as an Opportunity for Investments in Macedonia”.
Organizers: ISWA Macedonia (MaSWA), ISWA-RDN
Technical Support: participation of ISWA Board representative (Alexei Atudorei), experts from ISWA (Belgium, Portugal, Germany) and ISWA-RDN (Romania, Serbia, Israel, Greece), companies from Austria, Italy and Slovenia
Participants: approx. 100 from Macedonia, Serbia, Belgium, Portugal, Germany, Italy, Israel, Greece.

11. Romania, Deva, November, 17/20, National workshop "Implementation of Integrated Waste Management Systems with EU Grants at Regional Level in the period 2007 - 2015"
Organizers: County Council Hunedoara, IDA Hunedoara,
Technical Support: participation of ISWA Board representative (Alexei Atudorei) and experts from ISWA Romania,
Participants: approx. 85 from Romania (central and local administration, companies involved in waste management, aso).




1. Sustainable waste management has a crucial role to play
ISWA believes that resource management is central to sustainable development and that the waste management sector has a crucial role to play in optimizing material and energy use within the circular economy. The circular economy is an opportunity for the waste management sector. It is a catalyst for new skills, innovation, knowledge and development; and will result in new technologies, business models and partnerships. To reach its potential, the waste management sector has to develop its own roadmap towards the circular economy, while recognizing the need for cross-sector collaboration.
2. Sustainable waste management provides more goods and less environmental impact
The waste management sector is already making a pivotal contribution to the field of sustainable materials and energy management, by providing secondary raw materials for production, carbon matter and nutrients for improving and fertilizing soil and carbon neutral energy for electricity production, heating, cooling and transportation. Hereby, the sector is significantly reducing the environmental impact associated with raw material extraction and production as well as reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. The waste management sector has the skills and knowledge needed to facilitate the drive to a circular economy throughout the value chain.
3. The first step starts with waste prevention
Effective waste prevention measures are key to resource efficiency and the circular economy. The waste management sector is already engaged in waste prevention initiatives, but the concept is not yet a fully integrated part of the waste management systems. Therefore, in order to support, facilitate and operate efficient and effective waste prevention initiatives, the waste management sector has to develop and integrate waste prevention activities, such as awareness training, feedback to designers and manufacturers as well as reuse and refurbishing, into the business models of the sector.
4. Technical challenges to closing the loop
Due to technological and scientific challenges, such as material deterioration and the lingering presence of hazardous substances, it is not possible to fully close the loops without substantial technological advances, which will take considerable time to reach. Meanwhile, the effective life of materials can be extended through optimal cascade utilisation before they are recovered for energy or finally disposed in a safe way.
5. Energy for the circular economy
The circular economy relies on energy as much as it does on material feedstock. Circular flows will always have a residual waste stream, either due to market conditions, technologies available or social barriers. This residual waste stream shall be considered as an important energy resource, along with the biodegradable fraction of municipal solid waste and industrial wastes.
6. Time for innovation and research
The successful emergence of the circular economy calls for research and development involving multiple disciplines, cross-sector technologies, economic considerations and the natural and social sciences. The work will find effective and viable means to overcome challenges and barriers on the road towards the circular economy as well as develop a robust systemic approach to the circular economy itself. The waste management sector's experience in developing and operating solutions for material and energy recovery as well as its everyday experience of facing the challenges of taking care of the residues of the linear economy will make a valuable contribution to this task.
7. Markets for materials
Well-functioning markets are crucial for sustainable resource management and the circular economy. The preconditions for such markets are well defined and commonly agreed quality standards, testing methods, trading conditions and dispute resolution mechanisms. Furthermore, trading systems and exchanges providing transparent and open trading information will reduce price volatility and transactions risk and make the trade more attractive and viable. The waste management sector, can together with the other actors in the value chain, support the establishment of such conditions and markets mechanisms.
8. Policies for resource management
There is a need for revised, consistent long-term policy, legal and fiscal frameworks to support the emerging circular economy and the development of sustainable resource management. Such frameworks have to supplement the supply-pushing material recovery targets in place today with incentives to create sound market demand for recovered materials. In addition, they have to secure an unbiased relation between virgin materials and new products on one side and recovered resources and refurbished products on the other, as well as foster research and development within the field of resource management and the circular economy.
9. Teamwork of actors
All actors in the value chain need to interact and be involved in the transition toward a circular economy – designers, producers, manufacturers, consumers, policy makers, and the waste management sector. The waste management sector wants to engage proactively with all actors along the value chain.



A Greek consortium has won a contract to build a 410,000 tone per year mechanical biological treatment facility which will produce RDF in Sofia, Bulgaria.

A consortium of Greek construction company, Aktor and Greek infrastructure developer, companies, Helektor has won a contract to build a 410,000 tonne per year mechanical biological treatment (MBT) facility which will produce refuse derived fuel (RDF) in Sofia, Bulgaria.
According to a report by the Sofia Globe Sofia City Hall picked the consortium despite offering a higher price of 213.5 million leva ($143.4 million) because it offered a lower cost for processing waste - 60.69 leva ($40.77) per tonne, compared to the 72.43 ($48.66) leva per tonne offered by the second-placed bidder, Sadinata 2012 consortium.
The report said that the contract marks the second phase of the planned waste processing facility which will serve Bulgaria's capital city.
The decision to select the Aktor-Helektor consortium was also reported to be influenced by the significantly lower amount of waste that would be landfilled, which was in line with City Hall targets.
City Hall said that the RDF produced by the plant will be used by the city’s heating utility, Toplofikatsiya Sofia, and will reduce the company's use of natural gas by at least 10%, the city hall said in a statement.
According to the report the two consortiums were the only ones whose bids were deemed to meet the tender criteria, with three others disqualified.
Aktor-Helektor is reported to have 19 months from the signing of the contract to build the plant.
The plant is constructed and in a one year trial operation since September 2015. The construction and trial operation is accompanied by an assigned FIDIC-Engineer - a consortium consisting of two German companies (Ingenineurgesellschaft fuer Internationale Planungsaufgaben mbH and Ingenieurgesellschaft Prof. Czurda und Partner mbH) - and two Bulgarian companies (Consulting Engineering Group Ltd. and Hydroinvest Ltd.)
Thise construction of the MBT is the second stage of a 346 million leva ($242 million) waste management project, funded largely with EU money. In total, the report said that EU funding will cover 84% of the costs of the project.




The Global Waste Management Outlook was jointly prepared by UNEP's International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and was launched during ISWA's 2015 World Congress in Antwerp.

Inadequate waste management has become a major public health, economic and environmental problem, with 7-10 billion tonnes of urban waste produced each year and 3 billion people worldwide lacking access to controlled waste disposal facilities.
Fuelled by population growth, urbanization and rising consumption, the volumes of waste are likely to even double in lower-income African and Asian cities by 2030, warns the Global Waste Management Outlook – launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) during ISWA’s 2015 World Congress.
UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner said, “An urgent response to the world's mounting waste problem is not only a public health and environmental necessity, but also a sound economic investment. Inaction is costing countries 5-10 times more than investments in proper waste management. A greater commitment by nations to systematically apply the 3 R’s – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle – can transform the problem of waste into a resource for our economies.
“The global waste management goals proposed by this report have the potential to result in dramatic reductions in greenhouse gases, the creation of millions of green jobs and economic benefits in the hundreds of billions of dollars. By achieving them, we would also be taking massive strides toward realizing the Sustainable Development Goals.”
The report offers an integrated global solution to the waste problem, including calling for immediate improvement of waste collection and disposal, preventing waste and maximizing reuse and recycling of resources. It also calls for a major shift away from the linear “take-make-use-waste” economy and towards the circular “reduce-reuse-recycle” approach to the lifecycle of materials.
The report encourages a shift in thinking about waste as merely a health and environmental threat, towards a broader concept of resource management. It demonstrates how wisely managing both resources and waste; countries can cut costs of waste disposal and bring additional profit from the recovered raw materials.
For example, the Belgian region of Flanders achieved the highest waste diversion rate in Europe, growing from nearly zero in the 1980s to over 70 per cent in 2013. This was possible with a smart mix of social, fiscal and legal policies, such as waste prevention education, establishing reuse centres and a "pay-as-you-throw" taxation system based on the "polluter pays" principle.
The report also cites numerous success stories from developing countries. For example, the inclusion of informal recyclers into the municipal waste management system in Bolivia resulted in the collection and treatment of 29,000 tonnes of waste and the creation of 443 green jobs. A similar scheme in Colombia's capital, Bogota, is diverting 1,200 tonnes of waste daily from the landfill and employing some 8,250 people.
In Kenya, a non-profit organization and the private sector are running separate initiatives to treat the country's e-waste. Between them, they process up to 30 tonnes of E-waste per month and market the recovered materials, while safely disposing of the hazardous wastes. Both facilities are fast approaching self-sustainability, proving that safe recycling can be a successful business model in developing countries as well.

Message of Mr. David Newman, ISWA President:
The launch of the GWMO (Global Waste Management Outlook), written with UNEP, was an important milestone for ISWA and for the waste industry as a whole. It outlines the successes, failures, challenges and route map to developing a modern waste management system in developing countries. A tool kit helps decision- makers elaborate their plans while building a case for financing from private and public capital.
The challenge now is that all of us, each individual who is intested in waste management developing, gets the GWMO in front of decision makers in every country- in the richer countries because they need now to dedicate more overseas aid to waste and help developing nations get their collection and disposal systems under control; to poorer countries so politicians can understand the immense cost, in terms of health, environment, loss of income from tourism and investments, caused by having dirty cities and rural areas.
And to global institutions, like the World Bank, the USA Foundations, so they can pour their financing into these countries.
There is hope for a cleaner, greener planet, but only if we all work in the same direction and waste no more time doing so.


101,144 visitors (8.6% more than 2013)



1,200 companies the key players at Ecomondo, Key Energy, Key Wind, H2R, Cooperambiente and Condominio Eco. and in 2015 the SAL.VE. International expo dedicated to waste vehicles.

High-profile signs from Rimini Fiera: more innovation, more internationalization and more work. All under the banner of the green economy.
The four days dedicated to the environment system, with the expos inaugurated by Minister Gian Luca Galletti on Wednesday, bore concrete witness to the new development criterion, which has solid foundations thanks to a mature competitive industrial system. Ready to present itself on an international scale in sync with FIMAI ECOMONDO BRAZIL, which in 2015 will be held in San Paolo after the acquisition announced by Rimini Fiera and the Tecniche Nuove Group.

The positive sign, a record for the 18 years of Rimini Fiera’s “environment expos”, is seen in the figures: 101,144 visitors (8.6% more than 2013).

There was outstanding foreign participation, with industry members from 86 countries, 30 of which were from overseas. There were 350 buyers at the expo, with Turkey as the most represented geographical area, followed by the Alpe-Adria Region (Balkan countries) delegation organized by MŽ-Consulting & Fair and North Africa. Then Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, South America and Poland.

On the Rimini expo days, sixteen halls hosted 1,200 companies divided into the various exhibitions: Ecomondo (dedicated to the recovery and reuse of material and energy), Key Energy (renewable energy and energy efficiency), Key Wind (wind energy), H2R (sustainable mobility), Cooperambiente (cooperative system for the environment) and Condominio Eco (solutions and services for buildings). Thanks a valuable agreement with Federutility, further development was announced in the section dedicated to the integrated water cycle and the protection of water resources.

Over 550 accredited journalists and wide coverage by all the daily and periodical press at both national and local level, as well as by television and radio networks, plus enormous attention on the Web. Impressive involvement was also achieved by the social networks on the official profiles: twelve top eco-bloggers attended the expos, on Twitter almost 5 million impressions and 900,000 profiles reached. On the expos’ Facebook pages, during the week of the events, there was an increase of 300% in the “likes” compared to the previous week, whereas Rimini Fiera’s corporate page reached 347,000 contacts in the last week.

Matjaž Žigon, M.Sc.
Head of Rimini Fiera Representation Office for Alpe-Adria Region



Zero Waste Europe has published a policy paper warning against the use of landfill bans. Instead the organization called for the use of more effective instruments to reduce residual waste and advance towards a circular economy.

Zero Waste Europe has published a policy paper warning against the use of landfill bans. Instead the organization called for the use of more effective instruments to reduce residual waste and advance towards a circular economy.
According to ZWE most of the districts with landfill bans have seen an overcapacity of waste to energy plants, discouraging them to take further efforts on waste prevention, reuse or recycling. “Unless all treatment options which “break the loop” are considered, the consequence of banning or phasing out one of them will result in a transfer of waste to another,” asserted Joan-Marc Simon, Zero Waste Europe’s executive director. “This will create unnecessary tensions which in no way help to move towards a circular economy.”
The policy paper analyses how in all seven European countries where a landfill ban has been implemented it resulted into more waste being diverted towards incineration than towards recycling.
This was said to be the case in the Netherlands and Germany, where waste to energy tripled and almost doubled respectively, compared to the increase of recycling. Austria and Norway were also cited seeing decreased recycling, while in Denmark, the ban on landfill was claimed to have led to a boost in incineration accompanied by a 37.5% rise in waste generation.
According to Zero Waste Europe landfill bans are a way to “bury” waste under other statistics without necessarily improving performance.
In this regard, ZWE criticised some European countries like Germany and Sweden which is said claim to have a zero waste to landfill policy, but actually landfill the rejects of mechanic-biological treatment plants and ashes from waste to energy plants.
The paper also highlighted that a zero waste to landfill policy is “blind” to waste reuse and reduction, for countries could continue to run a linear economy, increasing waste generation as long as waste is burned or recycled.
The authors compared two different cases, that of Copenhagen, where a zero waste to landfill policy is in place, and that of Treviso province, which they said had a “real zero waste strategy”.
According to the paper the residual waste in Copenhagen is almost six times that of Treviso, where they don’t have a landfill ban but a zero waste policy to all types of disposal. In order to advance towards a Circular Economy, Zero Waste Europe recommended the implementation of equally high taxes on landfill and waste to energy combined with a lower tax on the landfilling of stabilized waste. The organization claimed that this would prove to be more effective in diverting waste towards prevention, preparation for re-use and recycling than a landfill ban.



The largest increase in UK gate fees is at waste to energy facilities constructed before 2000, with fees 73 per tonne, up from 58, according to a new report...

The largest increase in UK gate fees is at waste to energy facilities constructed before 2000, with fees £73 per tonne, up from £58, according to a new report.
WRAP’s (Waste & Resources Action Programme) Gate Fees Report: comparing the cost of alternative waste treatment options (2014/15) showed that fees remain relatively constant for most waste treatment and disposal options.
Gate fees at Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs) and waste to energy (WtE) differ the most from the previous annual assessment.
Based on information from local authorities and waste treatment companies, the report presents the median and range of gate fees for a variety of recycling and waste treatment options. The median gate fee paid by authorities for MRF services is £6 per tonne in 2015, less than the median of £10 in 2014.
The range of gate fees at MRFs is much wider than for other services, and while some local authorities report receiving as much as £43 per tonne in income for their unsorted materials, others report paying up to £86 per tonne to their MRF. A total of 33 local authorities (40%) reported that they either pay no gate fee, or receive payment from the MRF for their material.
Gate fees for organics and composting remain in line with previous years, according to WRAP. The median gate fee for Open Air Windrow (OAW) composting for green waste remains at £24 per tonne, unchanged from the previous two surveys.
The median In-Vessel Composting (IVC) gate fee for mixed food and green waste is also unchanged from the last two surveys, standing at £46 per tonne.
While the median charge paid by local authorities for food waste treated at Anaerobic Digestion (AD) facilities stays at £40 per tonne. Feedback from AD operators indicates that gate fees for food waste from commercial and industrial sources are below those charged for household food waste.
There has been a marginal rise in the median gate fee paid for recycling and recovery of waste wood (all grades) collected at Household Waste Recycling Centres – up £3 to £35 per tonne. A similar small rise has been noted in the treatment of waste at Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) facilities, up to £88 per tonne compared to £84 in the previous survey.
The largest increase in median gate fees is seen in waste to energy facilities constructed before 2000. Here fees have risen to £73 per tonne, up from £58. WRAP said this difference is due to it receiving more responses for pre-2000 facilities in this year’s survey than in the last. The median WtE gate fee for facilities constructed after 2000 is £99 per tonne, up £5 per tonne on last year.
Marcus Gover, director of WRAP, said:
“Finding a clear picture of treatment costs in the UK is a difficult task. Our gate fees report highlights how variable charges are for waste management options, and how difficult this market can be to navigate without help. In a time when budgets are stretched, and with the backdrop of a more volatile market for secondary materials, our gate fees report remains a key resource authorities can use to help inform local decisions.”



Ahead of the planned referendum the UK’s membership of the European Union, the extent to which EU environmental objectives and policies have succeeded in tackling environmental issues in the UK is to be assessed in an inquiry by the Parliamentary Environmental Audit Committee.

Ahead of the planned referendum the UK’s membership of the European Union, the extent to which EU environmental objectives and policies have succeeded in tackling environmental issues in the UK is to be assessed in an inquiry by the Parliamentary Environmental Audit Committee.
The inquiry will first look at the pros and cons of determining environmental policy at an EU level for the UK and, secondly, at the implications of such policies on the UK environment. The Committee said that it does not intend to examine the Common Agricultural Policy, owing to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs’ Committee’s ongoing work in that area.

The Committed has invited responses on some, or all, of the following sets of questions:
Objective 1: To understand the objectives of EU environmental policies, and the extent to which they have helped to address the most important environmental issues to the UK.
1. What advantages and/or disadvantages does environmental policymaking at the EU level offer for the UK?
2. Has the right balance between the objective of setting a flexible common EU framework for tackling cross-border environmental problems, and allowing for distinct national approaches to be taken into account been achieved?
3. How successful has the implementation of EU environmental policy and the role of the EU as an international negotiator on environmental issues been for the UK? In areas where this has fallen short, where could improvements be made?

Objective 2: To understand the implications of EU environmental policies on UK environmental protection.
1. Have EU environmental policies taken into account the specific character of environmental issues in the UK?
2. How effective have EU environmental policies been in addressing environmental issues in the UK? What work still needs to be done?
3. What impact has EU environmental policy had on the UK's businesses which are affected by the policies?

The deadline for submissions is 20 November 2015 and the word limit is 3000 words.



ARGIF PROIECT SRL is a Romanian private, small business company, which offers designing, consultancy and environmental engineering (studies and design) integrated professional services, mainly in waste management domain.
Argif Proiect started its activity in 1995 and is now one of the most experienced companies in waste management designing, consultancy and environmental engineering domain in Romania. The company offers the necessary experience and capacity to develop and successfully finalize complex construction projects in waste management domain.
During its 20 years of activity, Argif Proiect developed a great variety of projects in several domains and economic fields of activity for small, medium and large companies, as well as for public administrations.

Services provided:
- On site studies (topographic, hydrologic, hydro-geologic, geotechnical);
- Designing for all phases of a project (Feasibility Study, Technical Project, Execution Details);
- Technical documentations for permits (environmental permit, health permit, water permit, civil protection permit, fire protection permit, construction permit, etc.);
- Technical assistance during the execution phase;
- Environmental Impact Assessment studies and Environmental Balances;
- Opportunity studies and tender documents for concession of public services;
- Consultancy for the preparation of financing documents, works supervision, preparation and supervision of acquisition procedures for goods/ works/ services;
- Technical verification of projects according to Law no. 10/1995 regarding constructions quality.

Within its 20 years of activity in the environmental engineering design and studies business, Argif Proiect developed a wide range of projects in waste management domain:
- Municipal landfills and Industrial landfills;
- Closure of municipal, rural and industrial landfills;
- Transfer stations;
- Composting plants both for green waste and livestock manure and waste; - Mechanical-biological treatment plant (MBT);
- Sorting plants
- Selective collection systems;
- Environmental Impact Assessment studies and Environmental Balances;
- Strategies, Regional, County and Local Plans for municipal, construction, hospital waste management as well as Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for Waste Management Plans;
- Opportunity studies and tender documents for concession of public sanitation services.

Main projects (Waste management)
1. Non-hazardous waste landfills:
    • Vidra - Bucharest (capacity 6.600.000 cm)
    • Chiajna - Bucharest (capacity 6.800.000 cm)
    • Boldeşti Scăeni - Prahova County (capacity 1.500.000 cm)
    • Tuţora - Iaşi 1st Cell (capacity 2.500.000 cm)
    • Sighişoara (capacity 250.000 cm)
    • Mofleni - Craiova (capacity 4.500.000 cm)
    • Baicoi Landfill - Prahova County (capacity 300.000 cm)
2. Hazardous waste landfills (industrials):
    • Davideşti for DACIA-RENAULT (capacity 180.000 cm)
    • Ogra - for SNGN Târgu Mureş (capacity 90.000 cm)
    • Galbinaşi 1 for DUCTIL Buzău (capacity 25.000 cm)
    • Galbinaşi 2 for CORD Buzău (capacity 19.600 cm)
    • Rehabilitation of petrol waste historical polluted site in Campina, Prahova County
3. Closure of non-hazardous waste landfills:
    • Buftea - Ilfov County, Zlatna, Tmisul de sus - Predeal, Albota-Piteşti, Tomeşti-Iaşi, Boldeşti-Scăeni compartment 1-3 - Prahova, Vidra - Bucharest compartments 1-3, Mofleni - Craiova compartments 1&2, 5 non-hazardous waste landfills in Mures County and 4 non-hazardous waste landfills in Covasna County.
4. Closure of hazardous waste landfills
    • Buzău - DUCTIL, Mioveni-DACIA, 2 industrial sludge landfills: RENAULT,
    • Craiova - 1st compartment.
5. Leachate treatment plants:
    • Feteni - Valcea County (60 cm/d);
    • Albota - Arges County (86 cm/d),
    • Tutora - Iasi County (100cm/d),
    • Dumitra - Tarpiu - Bistrita County (120 cm/d),
    • Fratesti - Giurgiu County (110 cm/d)
    • Stauceni  - Botosani County (50 cm/d).
6. Transfer stations:
Cislău- Buzău County; Beceni - Buzău County; Zlatna - Alba County; Abrud- Alba County; Reghin - Mureş County; Mediaş - Sibiu County, Comăneşti - Bacău County, 3 transfer stations in Bacau County (Onesti, Beresti, Gaiceana).
7. Sorting plants:
Cislău- Buzău County; Beceni - Buzău County; Zlatna - Alba County; Reghin - Mureş County; Mediaş - Sibiu County, Comăneşti - Bacău County; Sighişoara - Mureş County, Albota - Arges County, Onesti - Bacau County, Stauceni - Botosani County, Dobrin - Salaj County.
8. Mechanical - biological treatment plants:
Sanpaul - Mures County and Dobrin - Salaj County.
9. Composting plants:
Pig farm in Gherghiţa, Prahova County; 12 composting platforms in Ialomita County (for 19.600 to/year); Ianca Composting Plant - Braila County (for livestock waste); Corbu Composting Plant - Constanta County (1.000 to/year); Balta Doamnei Composting Plant - Prahova County (3.000 to/ year livestock waste and 50 kg/day kitchen waste); Onesti Composting Plant - Bacau County.

Collection and selective collection systems in over 20 cities and communes.
Technical assistance during the execution phase: Our Company provided technical survey for all its designed projects. Additionally, it provided technical assistance for “Integrated Waste Management System in Bistrita Nasaud County”, for “Integrated Waste Management Center in Fratesti, Giurgiu County” and for “Integrated Waste Management System in Salaj County”.

Adina Dumitru, Director
More information:



Ioana Aitchison (UK)
Gheorghe Niculae (RO) - webdesigner ,

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