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In this issue:


Message from the Secretariat

Dear Colleagues and Friends,

First quarter of this year has been calmer, except for the symposium in Croatia in March on "The Role of Communication in Waste Management".
I would like to thank CROWMA for organizing a symposium with such a topic which is very important for EU State Members and also to the States that will join EU in the future.
My respects and gratitude to the President of CROWMA, Professor Aleksandra Anić Vučinić, and on behalf of ISWA I really appreciate her effort to bring together representatives from local administration, universities, public and private companies and NGO's.
CROWMA is an active member of ISWA and RDN and CROWMA's experience could help other States from the Eastern Europe to join EU or to reach the targets set by the EU Directives. Some members of ISWA WG on Communication have attended the event (Piet Coopman, Ezter Tanka and Mario Schemberi) and the organizers feedback was excellent - they all had very interesting presentations.
One of the conclusions of the symposium is that "An interdisciplinary approach to solving the issues of waste management and analysis of horizontal and vertical waste management system at all levels is necessary".
In my opinion the conclusion of the symposium, presented above should include "solving the issues… taking into consideration the local and specific conditions of each country".
In Romania, the most important association which is involved in "Extended Producer Responsibility" is ECOROM-Ambalaje, an association set-up in 2003 which has made investments so therefore each of the 9 million inhabitants has access to separate collection of packaging waste (45% of Romanian population).
The results can be seen in the last EU Report (Eurostat, 26th of March 2015, for the year 2013), which states that only 3% of the municipal waste generated in Romania is recycled and 87% is landfilled.
I do not want to get involved in discussions between the EU and Romania regarding the collection and reporting of statistical data related to waste management, and not only (air pollution, soil pollution, water quality, aso).
Romania contests the published data, but there are some questions without answers until now!
Is the Romanian Government's policy on waste management wrong?
No, because the EU Directives are implemented in Romania.
Is ECOROM Ambalaje's strategy wrong?
No, because ECOROM-Ambalaje works together with central and local administration and the strategy is in compliance with national and local strategy for waste management.
Are the investments made not enough?
No, because the investments with EU funds (SOP 2007 - 2014) will provide forat least 70% of Romanian population the possibility to participate at separate collection of packaging waste.
So why doesn't it add up?
The over-estimation of the population's participation to the separate collection of house hold waste and the population's supportability to pay for the services.
The wrong estimation of the implementation period of EU Directives in Romania.

It will take time to increase the recycling rate in Romania and Eastern Europe and a similar symposium as the one organized in Croatia should be organized in Greece, Romania, Serbia, Macedonia and Moldova.
Maybe not a symposium, but a special session dedicated to this topic for each of our RDN's events.
I will attend all the RDN events this year and I would like to discuss this issue with all of you.

Best Regards,
Dr. Eng. Alexei Atudorei
Representative of Regional Development Network Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean

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Upcoming ISWA Events


ISWA Study Tour On Sorting Plants
(11-13 May 2015, London, UK)

The ISWA Study Tour on Sorting Plants will take place on 11-13 May to examine new developments in the processing of waste in order to extract value from it.
The tour covers the initial recovery of materials for recycling as well as several London plants which both sort residual waste to extract more recyclable materials and also process waste into refuse derived fuel, both for use in the UK and for export to other European countries.
Will be visited a new bottle to bottle recycling plant that sorts all types of plastic bottles but takes the clear PET bottles and HDPE milk bottles to reprocess these into plastic flakes that are then sold to plastic container manufacturers to produce new bottles and containers.
The newest plant that will be visited - construction will be finalized just before the study tour visit - will take in bulky refuse to extract the maximum amount of valuable materials and to process the remainder for fuel. The plants will sort and process a wide variety of waste streams, including: household, commercial, industrial, demolition and construction wastes.

More information:

BEACON CONFERENCE on Waste Minimization and Recycling
(27-29 May 2015, Vienna, Austria)

From 27 to 29 May 2015, leading international experts from the waste and resource management sector will be gathering in the beautiful city of Vienna, Austria, for the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Minimization and Recycling.
Waste minimisation and recycling are the key components of modern waste management. In many parts of the world the focus is already shifting from waste management to resource management. This development is drastically changing not only the waste sector, but also the way we produce and consume.
This conference, subtitled "Resources and Responsibilities" will address and deal with these topics.
The focus of this 5th edition of the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste Minimisation and Recycling will be on Planning of Waste Minimisation and Waste Prevention, Resource Management, Hands on Recycling Issues and Extended Producer Responsibility. These topics will be discussed by a top-class panel of speakers.

More information:

ISWA Beacon Conference
Waste to Energy Facilities in Emerging and Developing Economies: Challenges and Options

ISWA and WMAM - the Waste Management Association of Malaysia cordially invite you to join the ISWA Beacon Conference on Waste to Energy Facilities in Emerging and Developing Economies: Challenges and Options taking place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 16 to 17 April 2015.
As the world population grows so does the waste generation. The Asian Region offers exciting prospects in terms of development of emerging and developing economies. Countries like Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam have seen a fast phase of economic and social development and urbanisation over the past decades and in the years to come. It is reported that by Year 2050, some 1.4 billion more people are expected to be living in Asian cities compared to today. Hence, the challenges of waste generation, collection, treatment and disposal.
Take Malaysia as a classic example. As a developing economy, the country is marching towards becoming a developed nation by Year 2020. Nevertheless Malaysia's waste generated currently at some 33,000 tons daily has surpassed the Government's projection that the tonnage will be reached by Year 2020.
With land being a finite resource, the ever increasing waste generated requires a long-term sustainable solution especially with regards to treatment and disposal. The advent of "green" Waste-To-Energy (WTE) Technologies is one area where emerging and developing economies can adopt towards a sustainable environment.
The Beacon Conference on April 16 & 17, 2015 organized by WMAM and supported by ISWA, where some of the best practices and experience sharing on WTE will be presented by renowned speakers on the subject, hopes to provide participants with some answers and solution of managing waste treatment and disposal best suited for emerging economies.

More information:

ISWA Study Tour on Waste-to-Energy

Continuing on from a series of very successful advanced training courses and the internationally outstanding success of the ISWA Study Tours in 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 we are now organising the sixth Study Tour on Waste-to-Energy from 21 June to 01 July 2015.
The ISWA Study Tour will take you along to visit waste treatment plants in Austria, Hungary and Czech Republic. You will see and learn about the most remarkable technologies and installations for Waste-to-Energy based on BAT, Best Available Technology, in Europe. This Practical Seminar on Sustainable Waste Management focuses on advanced Resource and Energy Efficiency, Recovery, Treatment, and safe Intermediate Storage of wastes - which allows for diversion of all organic waste exceeding 5% TOC from landfill.
This year's Waste-to-Energy Study Tour consists of 2 parts which may either be booked all in one or separately. The first part, 21 - 26 June is more theory based combining different expert led seminars with excursions to 7 waste treatment plants in Austria, Czech Republic and Hungary. The second part is more practically orientated as 9 additional plants in operation will be visited.
Participants may choose to join this year's extensive Waste-to-Energy Study Tour from June 21- July 1 or book either the first part June 21 - 26 with the option of extending the tour until June 27 or the second part June 27 - July 1 individually.

More information:

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Upcoming RDN Events


Republic of Moldova
(5/6 of June 2015)

Topics: legislation, policies, strategies, planning, separate collection and transportation, sorting, composting, landfill, communication
Please contact Mr. Tudor Lefter

(12th of June)

Topics: Waste and Resources Synergies toward a Circular Economy in Greece and Mediterranean Countries
Please contact Mr. Christos Tsompanidis

(1/2 of July 2015)

Topics: Moving from Integrated Waste Management to Circular Economy
Please contact Mr. ViorelMarcu , Mr. Alexei Atudorei

Bosnia and Herzegovina
(22/24 of September 2015)

Topics: Sustainable development of communal utility companies, landfill and other companies included in Solid Waste Management in Southeast Europe
Please contact Mr. DragisaMarjanovic

Republic of Macedonia
(15/16 of October, 2015)

Topics: legislation, policies, strategies, planning, separate collection and transportation, sorting, composting, landfill, communication
Please contact Ms. Daniela Nelepa,

ISWA CONGRESS 2015 in Antwerp, Belgium

At ISWA Congress it will take place a special session dedicated to our RDN members from South East.
It will be a 2 hours session in the afternoon of Tuesday 8th of September, specifically on waste management in South East Europe.
Introductory speaker Ms. Vanya Veras of Municipal Waste Europe, will give an introduction, and overview of European policy.
The speakerswill be from Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Greece and Macedonia (15 minutes).
Our RDN members (National, Gold, Silver and individual) from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania and Serbia can register at the price of the low income countries, which means an early bird feeand late fee of 400 euro for ISWA members and 450 euro for non-ISWA members (late fee 31 of August 2015).
ISWA Congress and website is on line from 8th of April, so all of you can start to register.
During the Congress our RDN will have a meeting of 1 hour and we will establish the RDN Work Program for 2016.

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News from Republic of Croatia

INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL SYMPOSIUM: "The Role of Communication in Waste Management" Zadar 2015 Report


On the premises of Hotel Donat of Falkensteiner Hotels & Residences in the period 19th to 21st March 2015, organized by the Croatian Waste Management Association (CROWMA); the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA); company Eco Ltd. and Čistoća Ltd. from Zadar; The University of Zagreb's Geotechnical Faculty; The University of Zadar - Department of Tourism and Communication Sciences; Hauska & Partner Ltd.; and the Eco association fromZadar, the International Scientific and Professional Symposium was held under the name: "The Role of Communication in Waste Management" Zadar 2015.
The objectives of the symposium were to show and share examples of good practice, to point out the importance of communication (to inform, educate, raise awareness and improve dialogue) to achieve the ambitious EU goals in the field of waste management, point out the problems (neuralgic points) in relation to the level of information and public awareness of its role in the establishment of an integrated waste management and provide constructive exchange of views with the aim to improve practice.
The president of the Symposium's Organizing Committee BozidarLonginwelcomed all the participants. The symposium was enriched with speeches held by the Mayor of the City of ZadarBozidarKalmeta, and the Zadar County Prefect Stipe Zrilić who opened the symposium.
Symposium was attended by about 150 participants from Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Austria, Hungary, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Malta. There were over 30 presentations and four plenary lectures. Domestic and foreign experts gave lectures on public awareness on waste management, education of citizens on the subject and on the impact of mediation and activist associations in regulating the issue of waste management, highlighting examples of good practice.
As part of the Symposium, regional student workshop was organized and attended by over 40 students from three domestic and one foreign higher education institution. These are respectively: Geotechnical Faculty, University of applied sciencesVelikaGorica, Department of Tourism and Communication Studies of the University of Zadar, and the Faculty of Technical Sciences of the Novi Sad University.
As part of the symposium a round table was held on the topic "What is necessaryto achieve better communication among all participants of the waste management system".

After this two-day symposium the following was concluded:
 1.  The prerequisite for successful communication in the waste management sector is the establishment of trust. One possible tool for establishing trust is education;
 2.  Solving the problems of communication in waste management should start by defining the problems and target groups;
 3.  An interdisciplinary approach to solving the issues of waste management and analysis of horizontal and vertical waste management system at all levels are necessary;
 4.  Establishment of an integrated waste management system is a continuous process that should be raised above politics and should not depend on the duration of political mandates.

More information:

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News from Romania



Romanian Association for Solid Waste Management (ARS) was visited on 7th of April by the representative of National Association of Republic of Moldova for Solid Waste (MOLDSWA), ISWA National Member.
Mr. Tudor Lefter, President of MOLSDWA Council, has discussed with Mr. Dumitru Mihalache, ARS President, Mr. ViorelMarcu, ARS Director and Mr. Alexei Atudorei chair of ARS Technical and Scientific Committee and ISWA Board member (representative of Regional Development Network Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean).
During the meeting were discussed the following issues:
 -  Situation of Republic of Moldova in implementation of integrated waste management;
 -  Cooperation between ARS and MOLDSWA, program for 2015;
 -  Cooperation between ARS, MOLDSWA and ISWA-RDN, program for 2015.

Mr. Tudor Lefter presented the Partnership Agreement signed in 31, March, 2015 with Ministry of Environment from Republic of Moldova by Mr. Lazar Chirica, Vice Minister and Mr. ValeriuGherbovet, MOLDSWA President.
Ministry of Environment and MOLDSWA will cooperate for the elaboration and implementation of legislation and policies in waste management in order to create as soon as possible the national planning framework needed for the developmentand implementation of sustainable solid waste management in Republic of Moldova.
The objectives of the Partnership Agreement are similar as ISWA objectives:
 -  Promoting resource efficiency through sustainable production and consumption;
 -  Advancement of waste management through education and training;
 -  Promoting appropriate and best available technologies and practices,
but adapted and detailed for the local and specific conditions of Republic of Moldova.

ISWA-RDN and ARS will continue to offer all the support to MOLDSWA and ARS members will travel to Republic of Moldova and provide, voluntary, legal and technical assistance.
Ministry of Environment of Republic of Moldova and MOLDSWA will organize in partnership an international environmental conference between 5th and 6th of June in Chisinau, capital of Republic of Moldova.
In the afternoon of 5th of June a special session will be dedicated to solid waste management with general topics as are legal issues, planning, communication, collection and transportation technologies and disposal (landfill).
ISWA-RDN and ARS representatives will attend the conference and will make presentations (present status of solid waste management, achievements and failures, aso) which will help Ministry of Environment and MOLDSWA in the upcoming activities and projects.
Mr. Dumitru Mihalache mentioned that ARS will organize an international conference on waste management in the first week of July and representatives of MOLDSWA and Ministry of Environment will be invited to participate as speakers.
Both events will open up opportunities for future cooperation al central and local administration level and between public and private companies from Romania and Moldova.
Mr. Alexei Atudorei confirmed that ISWA-RDN will continue to support MOLDSWA and to involve in the cooperationprogram not only ARS members but also other members of RDN and other members of ISWA from Western Europe.
The meeting was a success and such meetings will be heldquarterly in Bucharest or in Chisinau.



Romanian Association for Solid Waste Management (ARS) was visited on 7th of April by the representatives of University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
At the meeting participated:
 - ARS representatives - Dumitru Mihalache, ARS President, Mr. Viorel Marcu, ARS Director, Mr. Alexei Atudorei chair of ARS Technical and Scientific Committee and ISWA Board member;
 - MOLDSWA representative - Mr. Tudor Lefter, President of MOLSDWA Council;
 - University of Gothenburg - SCCIIL representatives - Professor Jens Allwood and Professor Elisabeth Ahlsen.

SCCIIL (or in Swedish SSKKII) is a center for interdisciplinary research in the intersection of the concepts Language, Semantics, Cognition, Communication, Information and Interaction.
SSKKII is an acronym for the initial letters of the Swedish terms for these concepts.

SSKKII's aim is to do research on an interdisciplinary basis within the area that the concepts which define SSKKII cover. The center play an important role in developing competence within this area.
Competence development is supported in two ways: by creating opportunities for cooperation between qualified researchers from member faculties and departments in Göteborg; and by, via SSKKII, providing a network of contacts between the university, industry and trade, and international researches who are actively at work in the area.
SSKKII hosts projects e.g. on multimodal communication, human-computer interaction, information extraction, translation and cognitive psychology.
In addition to doing research, SSKKII organizes lectures, seminars and symposia as well as courses, both within and outside the university. SSKKII also publishes a series of research reports and provides supervision for research students.
One important project developed by SSKKII is "Public understanding of expert views on health risks in Malaysia and Sweden" a project that, also, analyze the informal recycling sector in waste and resources management in developing countries.

In Eastern Europe and Balkans the informal sector is very active and there is a continue debate about the informal sector by providing transparent and verifiable economic information about the impacts of informal sector recycling.
Much that has been written about the informal sector appears to have been written by its supporters, but such writings may be disregarded by readers who are less sympathetic to the informal activities.
It is considered that informal solid waste management sector is more active and more effective in recovering and valorizing resources than the formal one in low - and middle-income countries and working with the informal sector is one possible form of private sector participation or public-private partnership strategies for cities.
Activities of informal sector in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, were analyzed in "The Economics of the Informal Sector in Solid Waste Management", published by CWG, GIZ 2011 but there is necessary to evaluate the new situation and to see the results of the implemented solutions.
In Eastern Europe and Balkans the informal sector is very active and is necessary to find solutions for the future and proposed interventions or policy changes need to consider the specific circumstances of the informal sector, in order to avoid unexpected impacts (informal workershave much less general business knowledge, and are often socially disadvantaged groups).
Professor Jens Allwood mentioned that the informal sector continue to be present in Sweden and integration of the informal sectorin the formal sector must be made with as less possible "aggressiveness" and with as much possible "education".
SSKKII has experience in development of such projects and can cooperate with ARS and MOLDSWA to elaborate and implement local specific policies in order to avoid unexpected impacts.
The conclusion of the meeting was that all the participants (ARS, MOLDSWA, ISWA-RDN, SSKKII) will try to find the funds necessary to elaborate a preliminary study in which to propose to central and local administration specific and local solutions for Romania and Moldova.
Next meeting will take place in June in Chisinau during the international environmental conference.

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News from Republic of Moldova

Moldovan, Austrian officials broach environment-related issues


The Austrian Development Agency (ADA) has worked out a new country strategy for 2015-2020, which stipulates Moldova's support in the environmental protection. Environment Minister Sergiu Palihovici and Head of Austrian Coordination Office for Technical Cooperation Gerhard Schaumberger discussed the cooperation in this sector in 16th of March 2015
Gerhard Schaumberger said that, in the new strategy, the environmental protection was considered one of the priorities. Within the mentioned period, ADA intends to contribute to implement the chapters "Environment" and "Environmental actions" of the Moldova-EU Association Agreement and to extend its environment projects in Moldova. At the same time, a project titled: "Support to water and sanitation area institutional framework" is to be launched with the agency's support in 2015, which will last for 6-8 year.
For his part, Sergiu Palihovici requested ADA's assistance to make the institutional analysis in the area, implement the National Environment Strategy, Strategy on adaption to climate changes, etc.
The partnership between the Moldovan Environment Ministry and Austrian Development Agency is carried out based on an agreement between the Moldovan and Austrian governments signed in Vienna 2008.
In 2011-2015, ADA earmarked over 7 million euros to Moldova as technical assistance, grants, supply and works contracts.

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ISWA Gold Members - SUPERCOM Romania


Established in 1990, among the first private companies in Romania S.C. SUPERCOM S.A Bucharest, Romania was born from the enthusiasm springing from the Romanian Revolution in 1989, navigating through the uncertainties of the transition from socialism to capitalism, which was unexperienced by anyone in our history. So it began the difficult ascent of becoming a company specialized in integrated waste management, sanitation for cities and villages, in relation to support services and further development as a top national performer, with its expansion and business growth setting new standards in Romania. The recipe for our success is based on quality service and customer satisfaction.We obtain their trust by understanding their needs and streamlining all our services. We focus on professionalism and our activities are conducted in close connection with the values that we believe in - competence, quality, reliability and honesty.
We have organized our work so that we can tailor services according to customer needs and national and European legislation's specific demands, to permanently activate as a dynamic entity, prosperous and worthy of respect. We did so in order to remain competitive in an increasingly demanding market, and our goal is the continued growth of the company, providing quality services, maintaining and strengthening our position.
Today, SUPERCOM has 27 branches opened in Bucharest, Dambovita, Caras Severin and Ilfov Counties and is employing more than 2,000 employees who perform activities such as integrated sanitation services for the public domain (cleaning of public roads - mechanized sweeping,cleaning of road drains, streets, sidewalks, sprinkling, washing and waste removal ), including winter services (snow removal and road maintenance, fighting against glazed frost, ice on boulevards, sidewalks, streets) and collection,transportation, transfer and sorting of MSW, as well as related services (disinfection, disinfestation, pest control).
Between 2000 - 2014 SUPERCOM has realized a total volume of investments of 55 milions euros. In total, over 400,000 tons of MSW are collected by SUPERCOM annually. The beneficiaries are local communities totaling over 1 million inhabitants in an area of over 10,000 sq. km., companies and institutions, most notably Bucharest - Sector 2 [since 1999] and Dambovita County [since 2010, Dambovita is the first county in Romania that has implemented an integrated MSW waste management system]. SUPERCOM's profile is complemented by its own Program in waste management and environmental protection.
SUPERCOM has launched, through a considerable self-sustaining financial effort, a rigorous research, development and innovation program: A CLEAN ENVIRONMENT - Green Energy-from-Waste, building partnerships with R & D & I technology centers and renowned brand providers for technologies & equipment for treatment and energy efficient recovery of materials. The plant for sorting / pre-treating of MSW was put into operation, with a processing capacity of 20 tons / hour, the first stage of the investment program which aims to achieve an integrated complex for energetic and material recovery of municipal solid waste, with a treatment capacity of approx. 225.000 tons / year.
Along with many other companies throughout the world, we have made a firm commitment to an economic, social and sustainable environment, which is a priority for us. The world of the future will be defined by the solutions that we offer today for the energy - environment dyad.
SUPERCOM, as a ISWA GOLD MEMBER since 2011, as well as its staff, which are also ISWA Individual Members, actively participate in ISWA programs / events and working bodies and benefits from ISWA expertise in integrated waste management and recovery. Also, SUPERCOM has partnerships and collaboration with other members of ISWA, in bilateral and / or regional relations.
SUPERCOM is a founder member of A.R.S. (Romanian Association of Sanitation), which is affiliated as National Member to ISWA and FEAD, and also ensures presidency of the Romanian Sanitation Employers' Association and is a member of the National Council of Romanian Investors.
The company pays great attention to corporate social responsibility and is actively involved in the life of local communities in which it operates. Through the "Cavalerii Daciei" Foundation, which it patrons, it organizes and employs cultural, educational and sports activities and contributes to financing/restoration of historical/religious monuments and is an active presence in the structure of the Municipal Civil Guard for emergency situations and natural catastrophes.

President, Ilie-Ionel CIUCLEA
07 April 2015

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Environment in the EU


Each person in the EU generated 481 kg of municipal waste in 2013 43% was recycled or composted
In the European Union (EU), the amount of municipal waste generated per person in 2013 amounted to 481 kg, down by 8.7% compared with its peak of 527 kg per person in 2002. Since 2007, the generation of municipal waste per person has constantly decreased in the EU to below its mid-1990s level.
Of the 481 kg of municipal waste generated per person in the EU in 2013, 470 kg per person were treated. This treatment followed different methods: 31% was landfilled, 28% recycled, 26% incinerated and 15% composted.
The share of municipal waste recycled or composted in the EU has steadily increased over the time period, from 18% in 1995 to 43% in 2013.
These data are published in a report issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

Lowest waste generated per person in Romania, highest in Denmark.
The amount of municipal waste generated varies significantly across the EU Member States. With less than 300 kg per person, Romania, Estonia and Poland had the lowest amount of waste generated in 2013, followed by Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Latvia (all just over 300 kg per person). At the opposite end of the scale, Denmark (747 kg per person) had the highest amount of waste generated in 2013, well ahead of Luxembourg, Cyprus and Germany with lower amounts but above 600 kg per person, and Ireland, Austria, Malta, France, the Netherlands and Greece with values between 500 and 600 kg per person. It should be noted that different coverage of municipal waste explains part of the differences between Member States.

Almost two-thirds of municipal waste recycled or composted in Germany
The treatment methods differ substantially between Member States. In 2013, a third or more of municipal waste was recycled in Slovenia (55%), Germany (47%), Belgium and Ireland (both 34%) and Sweden (33%). Composting was most common in Austria (35%), followed by the Netherlands (26%), Belgium (21%) and Luxembourg (20%). At least half of the municipal waste treated in 2013 was incinerated in Estonia (64%), Denmark (54%) and Sweden (50%), while the highest shares of municipal waste landfilled were recorded in Romania (97%), Malta (88%), Croatia (85%), Latvia (83%) and Greece (81%).
Recycling and composting together accounted in 2013 for nearly two-thirds (65%) of waste treatment in Germany and for more than half in Slovenia (61%), Austria (59%) and Belgium (55%).

1. Municipal waste consists to a large extent of waste generated by households, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality; this part of municipal waste may vary from municipality to municipality and from country to country, depending on the local waste management system. Waste from agriculture and industry is not included.
In principle, data on treated municipal waste only refer to waste treated within the Member State, and does not take into account waste exported for treatment. However, recycling capacities may be limited in small countries. Luxembourg is a case where recycled amounts include exports.
For areas in which municipal waste is not collected, the amount of waste generated is estimated.
2. The reported quantities of waste generated and treated do not match exactly for some Member States, for the following reasons: estimates for the population not covered by collection schemes, weight losses due to dehydration, double counts of waste undergoing two or more treatment steps, exports and imports of waste and time lags between generation and treatment (temporary storage).
3. The following waste treatment methods are considered:
Landfill means the depositing of waste into or onto land, including specially engineered landfill and temporary storage of over one year.
Incineration means thermal treatment of waste in an incineration plant.
Recycling means any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes, except use as fuel.
Composting means the biological treatment (anaerobic or aerobic) of biodegradable matter resulting in a recoverable product.
4. Further information is available in the Eurostat Environmental Data Centre on Waste:
5. Eurostat, Statistics Explained article "Municipal waste statistics" available on Eurostat's website:

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The Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF)


WBIF focuses on helping development in the Western Balkans - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia - in infrastructure with emphasis in the transport, energy, environment and social sectors.
Investment in environmental infrastructure in Southeast Europe is inadequate, both with regard to providing people with satisfactory facilities and in meeting European standards. Any new investments in candidate countries should, by conclusion of the EU General Affairs Council, comply with EU acquis. Alleviation of pressing needs for remediation and expansion of environmental infrastructure is limited by low national investment capacity in the sector and the ability, and willingness, of citizens to pay for service provision. The countries of the region have been comparatively slow to put in palace environmental policies, seeing other imperatives as higher priorities.

Key players
1. Western Balkan countries (beneficiaries)
2. European Commission
3. International Financial Institutions - IFIs (EIB, EBRD,CEB)
4. EU Member States (including their bilateral financial institutions)
A new approach to financial support The Western Balkan region has strong growth potential. In recent years the region has outperformed other European economies, its governments making efforts towards macroeconomic stability and reform. However, the recent global crisis has also struck the region and a number of significant factors continue to hold the economy back. These factors include underdeveloped infrastructure networks, low levels of foreign direct investment, cumbersome administrative procedures and weak project preparation.
The European Commission, as the leading provider of grants to the region together with the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) as the leading providers of investment resources to the region, are committed to ensuring that their assistance is as effective as possible.

The Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF) honors that commitment. It has two main objectives:
 - pooling of grants, loans and expertise in order to prepare financing for priority investment projects;
 - strengthening coherence and synergies among donors in order to increase the positive impact and visibility of investments in the Western Balkans.

What does the WBIF do?
The Western Balkans Investment Framework offers a new approach of addressing the region's extensive and diverse investment needs. It consists of two key components:
 - Joint Grant Facility (JGF), which pools grants from the European Commission's budget, CEB, EBRD, EIB and bilateral donors;
 - Joint Lending Facility (JLF), based on loans provided by CEB, EBRD and EIB and increased cooperation with other multilateral development and bilateral financial institutions.
The resources of the Joint Grant Facility are intended to be used primarily to support operations jointly financed by the institutions cooperating in the Joint Lending Facility. The Joint Grant Facility's guiding principles are beneficiary demand, ownership and long-term sustainability. It is governed by a Steering Committee, providing strategic guidance on the WBIF operations and deciding on grant allocations. The Project Financiers' Group is the 'single entry' point for grant support requests. It screens and assesses the requests received from beneficiaries and international financial institutions (IFIs) involved in the WBIF and submits proposals to the Steering Committee for approval. All project applications can be assessed by the technical services of the co-financing IFIs and can benefit from Technical Assistance supervised by relevant experts.

How does the WBIF work?
Projects are selected on the basis of regional and/or country needs and their consistency with EU accession priorities. They may be targeted at improving environmental, energy or transport infrastructures, education, healthcare and other social needs. Alternatively, they may involve support to small and medium-sized business (SMEs) or the financial sector. Both private and public entities engaged in projects in the beneficiary countries are eligible for support.
The grant approval and implementation process under the Joint Grant Facility has six phases:
I: Project identification, in close cooperation with beneficiary, National IPA Coordinator (NIPAC), Donor Coordination Offices and other relevant local stakeholders;
II: Submission of grant requests to the Project Financiers' Group by the beneficiaries via NIPACs or by the partner IFIs in coordination with the NIPACs and Donor Coordination Offices;
III: Screening of submitted grant requests to verify eligibility and consistency of proposed projects with EU pre-accession policies;
IV: Assessing the long-term sustainability, technical and financial quality of project requests;
V: Submission of grant requests by the Project Financiers' Group to the Steering Committee for its approval;
VI: Implementation of approved projects under the coordination of the Project Financiers' Group.

Developing Albania's road infrastructure Over half of Albanians live in rural areas, with the majority working in agriculture, but the poor state of the roads has become a barrier to the development of the agricultural private sector and access to services of the rural communities. Developing the local network would create further opportunities for people living in rural areas, in turn stemming urban migration and, more importantly, contributing to the alleviation of extensive rural poverty in the country.
Infrastructure projects are expensive to carry out, especially at a time when the global financial crisis is hurting developed and developing countries alike. However through the Western Balkans Investment Framework, the EBRD and the EIB are each lending €50 million to finance the rehabilitation of 500 kilometers of Albania's regional and local network. Donors to the WBIF, as well as financing IFIs, are contributing 4 € million to cover project implementation costs, such as road design and construction supervision. European Union, through IPA contributes with €20 million in grant co- financing for the investment under IPA 2010 and plans further allocations under IPA 2011. This project is part of a wider programme, financed by various international institutions, among them the CEB and KfW, which will see Albania rehabilitate over 1,500 kilometers of roads by 2015.

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Global Waste Management Outlook (GWMO)


ISWA and UNEP are currently cooperating on an ambitious project to develop the first ever Global Waste Management Outlook. The GWMO aims to be a comprehensive, integrated and scientifically credible publication which provides an authoritative overview, analysis and recommendations for action of policy instruments and financing models for waste management around the world.

To raise the profile of waste management as a priority for action, to protect public health & the environment and achieve sustainable development

Ambitions of the GWMO
 – HOLISTIC APPROACH: Waste management within context of sustainable development
 – WASTE A PRIORITY: Why waste should be a priority - both for decision makers AND the people
 – SITUATION ANALYSES: Showcase the real progress made as well as remaining challenges
 – PARADIGM SHIFT IN THINKING: Move upstream - reduce consumption, consider waste management as a resource, improve resource efficiency and create jobs for green growth
 – RENEWED FOCUS: Focus on governance, implementation and financial sustainability - technical solutions alone are not enough
 – COMING TOGETHER: Promote partnerships and inclusive approach

Overall outline of the publication
Executive summary
1) Introduction
2) Global current challenges and the benefits of improved waste management
3) National waste management governance
4) Models for national and local financing of improved waste management
5) Summary of findings and recommendations for decision makers

Wide consultation with a broad group of stakeholders including decision makers, the world's leading institutions and experts in waste management has been central to the development of the GWMO.
Two sets of e-regional consultations have taken place first for feedback on the structure in early 2014; and second for the first draft in Sep/Oct 2014

The Final Draft of the GWMO is currently being prepared, following on from the e-regional consultation, with an iterative internal review process involving UNEP, ISWA and the Steering Committee.
The final version of the GWMO will be publicly launched at the ISWA World Congress, 7-9 September, Antwerp, Belgium.

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Supporting Sustainable Waste Management


The EIB's mission is to support the implementation of EU policy in the solid waste management sector in a coherent manner.
The Bank's activities in the sector comprise policy support for the avoidance and reuse of waste, and capital investment in facilities for treating the residual waste remaining after upstream recycling. This includes incineration plants with energy recovery and mechanical biological treatment plants, facilities for treating separately collected waste streams, such as composting, anaerobic digestion and materials recovery facilities, and also landfills.
Management of waste has a direct impact on quality of life, public health, the environment and climate change. Furthermore, waste represents a loss of valuable natural resources in the form of materials and energy. Re-use, recycling and recovery would bring significant net benefits. Solid waste management should be viewed not only as an environmental and health challenge, but also as a green economic opportunity.
EIB's mission is to support the implementation of EU policy in the solid waste management sector in a coherent manner and the activities in the sector comprise policy support for the avoidance and reuse of waste, and capital investment in facilities for treating the residual waste remaining after upstream recycling.
This includes incineration plants with energy recovery and mechanical biological treatment plants, facilities for treating separately collected waste streams, such as composting, anaerobic digestion and materials recovery facilities, and also landfills.
EIB's portfolio reflects EU policy, focusing on both upstream recycling and treatment of residual waste.
EIB lending in the solid waste management sector is characterised by:
 – support for Member Statesin the implementation of EU policy;
 – the promotion of consistency with the waste hierarchy principle and life-cycle approach;
 – the promotion of materials and energy recovery from waste and efforts to combat climate change;
 – adherence to sound technical, economic, environmental and social principles;
 – the transfer ofsector and project experience;
 – the capacity to implement technical assistance;
 – access to expertise in project finance;
 – the promotion of sustainable practices;
 – the promotion of research and development.

Whereas lending primarily focuses on facilities for the treatment and disposal of waste, EIB also encourage the inclusion of recycling and biological treatment components in integrated solid waste management projects, in line with EU policy.
EIB's support projects that make a significant contribution to growth, employment, regional cohesion and environmental sustainability in Europe and beyond.
Specifically, six priorities, as defined in our Operational Plan, are:
 – Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and medium-sized corporates (midcaps) - growth, innovation, jobs;
 – Regional development (infrastructure, assistance to innovative firms, information & communication technologies, improving the urban environment, Trans-European networks);
 – Environmental sustainability - including bothclimate action and investment in the urban and natural environment  – Innovation - promoting skills and innovation at every level;
 – Trans-European Networks - linking Europe's infrastructure, principally intransport;
 – Energy - building competitive and secure supply

The EIB provides finances for the countries in the Enlargement Region.
Candidate countries: Albania, FYROM, Montrenegro, Serbia and Turkey.
Potential candidate countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.

EIB provide large project loans directly to public and private sector bodies but smaller businesses and regional authorities are also supported.
In 2014, the European Investment Bank lent EUR 77 billion in support of the objectives of the European Union: EUR 69 billion in the Member States of the Union and 8 billion in the partner countries.
An example is the project co-financed in Montenegro for the implementation of a national sustainable waste management system.
The project, with an estimated investment cost of EUR 54 million, concerns the implementation of the first disposal cells of 5 inter-municipality sanitary landfills, transfer stations, recycling facilities and the rehabilitation of some 30 dumpsites.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) and Montenegro signed in 2009, in Podgorica, a EUR 27 million loan in favour of the solid waste management sector.
The loan is implemented through the Ministry of Spatial Planning and Protection of the Environment and co-finance the first phase of the creation of a national sustainable solid waste management system in line with European Union (EU) standards and directives.

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FEAD is the European Federation representing the European waste management industry. FEAD's members are national waste management associations covering 20 Member States.
They have an approximate 60% share in the household waste market and handle more than 75% of industrial and commercial waste in Europe.
Their combined annual turnover is approximately € 54 billion. FEAD represents about 3000 companies with activities in all forms of waste management. These companies employ over 295000 people who operate around 1800 recycling and sorting centres, 1100 composting sites, 260 waste-to-energy plants and 1100 controlled landfills.
They play an important role in the determination of the best environmental option for waste management problems.
FEAD Strategy for 2014 - 2020 is "Driving the Circular Economy" and takes into consideration that:
 – The challenge facing Europe's industries today is how to achieve sustainable growth in a resource-efficient and environmentally sound way;
 – The key to doing this is to make the European economy more "circular", so that waste is reduced and made safe, and what remains is re-used or recycled into new products, or used to generate energy;
 – The waste and resources industry plays a key role in the circular economy by providing secondary raw materials for Europe's industries, and energy for its homes, transport and businesses, so improving resource security.

FEAD together with other representatives from industry, NGOs, municipalities and public service providers co-signed an open letter to Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker regarding the withdrawal and renewed discussion of the circular economy package.
In this letter, FEAD and the rest of stakeholders, highlight the importance of ensuring the continuity of European waste legislation and underline the need for the publication of a new proposal within a short timeframe in order to enable the rebound of the European economy through the creation of a circular economy.


Dear President Juncker,
As representatives from industry, NGOs, municipalities and public service providers, we bring to you our joint views on the importance of ensuring the continuity of European waste legislation and the implementation of a circular economy.
The creation of a circular economy in Europe is crucial, as it is the foundation for the economic growth and global competitiveness that you seek to bring to the European Union. Waste legislation is a critical cog in the wheel of a circular economy and the current legislative deadline for its revision provides a golden opportunity to bring in the clarification and harmonisation which has been lacking.
Member States look to the European Commission to provide coordinated policies, continuity and the legal certainty which is crucial to long-term planning. If there is too much delay in the re-tabling of a revised waste legislative package and direction towards a circular economy, this will send the wrong signals to Member States, both undermining existing and recent investments as well as stalling plans. We underline the importance of the publication of a new proposal within a short timeframe, to enable our European economy to rebound through the creation of a circular economy. To this end, each of the co-signatories are prepared to resume work with you and your services as part of the stakeholder consultation process".

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Save the Planet - Waste Management, Recycling, Environment, 11-13 March 2015, Sofia, Bulgaria


The countries in South-East Europe no matter they are EU members or not, they are all aiming in becoming a part of the vision of the European recycling society. The governments across the Region are updating their national legislations and regulations, as well as are modernizing the old infrastructure which includes the creation of regional waste disposal systems, construction and exploitation of large scale waste and wastewater treatment plants, etc.
Most of the countries, EU members, incl. Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, have to meet specific EU objectives. The countries must recycle 50% of its waste by 2020 and reduce the disposal of biodegradable waste to 25% of total volume.
The demand for separating -, baling- and recycling machines has been increased and many international companies have entered the Regional market. The increasingly popular process of composting green waste and/or food waste has implemented the interest in composting machines as well, especially in the compost turners.
The 2015 edition of the SE European Exhibitions and Conference took place in the period 11-13, March 2015 in Sofia, Bulgaria.
The successful combination of the products display, good practices examples and presentations of world experience succeeded to attract the attention of numerous international and local exerts.
The wide range of environmentally-friendly solutions from energy sources, through intelligent management of urban space, to waste management technologies, proved once again such events are crucial for the regional market in order to adapt and to mitigate the climate change.

Exhibitor profile:
 – Energy Efficiency and Renewables;
 – Smart Cities;
 – Waste Management and Recycling (Save the Planet);
 – Emergency, Rescue and safety Control (Save the Life).

 – 120 exhibitors from 17 countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, France, Greece, France, Italy, Israel, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and the Netherlands;
 – 42% of the exhibitors came from abroad;
 – 40% of the companies participated for the first time;
 – For the 6th year in a row the Austrian Pavilion was realized with the active support of ADVANTAGE AUSTRIA Sofia;
 – Italian and Norwegian group participants were carried out for the first time;
 – The number of exhibitors in Smart Cities was doubled.

The exhibitions attracted more than 4,100 visitors from 37 countries and the main purpose of visit was for contracting (47%).

 – 52 speakers from 15 countries (35% from Bulgaria and 65% from abroad;
 – Attendees - 227 participants from 23 countries.

Topics of Waste Management and Recycling Conference:
 – Recycling of Construction and Demolition Waste organized in cooperation with the European Demolition Association; speakers from Spain and Bulgaria;
 – Toward a Circular Economy organized in cooperation with European Network of Environmental Professionals; speakers from Germany, Romania, Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Austria and Bulgaria;
 – Plastic Waste Recycling organized in cooperation with Plastic Recycling Europe and Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Water; speakers from Austria, Italy and Bulgaria.

Parallel Events:
 – Transparency in Waste Management - Organizer: Bulgarian Association of Municipal Environmental Experts;
 – Go Green to Environment 2015 - B2B Meeting - Bulgarian Industrial Association - Enterprise Europe Network - ECOMONDO Presentation - Rimini Fiera.

During the three days many feasible ideas were heard and numerous new contact were created through this network-platform. The organizers believe the new "green" technologies will certainly change our responsibility and hopefully will transform our economy into a more circular one.

Mr. Ivo Duerr, International Messe Agentur, Austria, said in the interview:
"Most of the exhibitors at the Austrian Pavilion are satisfied. The companies which intend to develop their business in Bulgaria hope that the country will make steps forward in the new period of EU funding and invest more in fields like environmental protection technologies, waste management, smart cities, etc. No doubt, such event is necessary and also has an influence on the market."
Join the Event in 2016!

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